Preterm births are MORE likely if
Obese - who have lower vitamin D levels
Dark-skin - who have lower D levels due to less D from the sun
Mother has a poor Vitamin D Receptor
Preterm births are LESS likely if more Vitamin D
Give Vitamin D to pregnant women
Preterm births are LESS likely if more Omega-3, etc.
Preterm Births decreased by Omega-3 (analysis of 184 countries) – April 2019
Preterm births strongly related to Vitamin D, Vitamin D Receptor, Iodine, Omega-3, etc
Pre-term birth - many of risk factors are associated with low vitamin D
Table of contents
- Recent articles
- VitaminDWiki pages with PRETERM or PREEMIE in title (96 as of AUG 2021)
- Infant/Child and Vitamin D Receptor:
The potential effects of vitamin D deficiency on respiratory distress syndrome among preterm infants
Clin Nutr ESPEN.. 2021 Aug;44:243-246. doi: 10.1016/j.clnesp.2021.06.009
Abdulrahman Al-Matary 1, Yahia AlMalki 2, Samah Khalil 3, Emad AlHulaimi 4
Introduction: Vitamin D deficiency is one of the most commonly deficient vitamins worldwide. Preterm infants usually suffer from different complications. However, the relationship between vitamin D levels and RDS prevalence has been emerging in the last few years.
Aim: This study aimed to assess the severity of respiratory distress syndrome in preterm infants who are ≤34 weeks GA, with a birth weight of ≤2 kg, and its relation to their serum blood level of vitamin D.
Materials and methods: This is a multicenter study conducted at Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) at King Fahad Medical City (KFMC), Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, and Maternity and Children Hospital (MCH), Qassim, Saudi Arabia. We observed prospectively all preterm babies who were ≤34 weeks GA with 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) serum level ≤30 ng/ml at 24 h of life or less. Included infants were divided into 2 groups; infants with 25-hydroxyvitamin D level of ≤30 ng/ml were the deficient group and those with >30 ng/ml were considered in the normal group.
Results: 174 preterm infants were included in this study with an average gestational age of 30.2 ± 2.7 weeks.
The mean vitamin D level was 30.5 (SD 19.5).
- Vitamin D deficiency was detected among 99 infants (56.9%). (<30ng?)
- Of the deficient infants, (respiratory distress?)
- 42.4% moderate and (respiratory distress?)
- 31.3% were mild. (respiratory distress?)
Pneumothorax was 2.9% and mortality rates were recorded among 14 cases (8%).
Conclusion: Vitamin D deficiency was widely prevalent among preterm neonates. Pneumothorax, surfactant doses, oxygen, and mechanical ventilation requirements were statistically significant at vitamin D deficiency.
Items found: 97
Infant/Child and Vitamin D Receptor:
- Poor hip joint in infants associated with poor Vitamin D receptor – Jan 2021
- Type 1 Diabetes (Autoimmune) and Vitamin D, Vitamin D Receptor and Cathelicidin - Dec 2020
- Infant and child immunity depends on Vitamin D and two Vitamin D genes – Review April 2020
- Asthmatic children 5X more likely to have a poor Vitamin D Receptor – June 2019
- Respiratory Distress Syndrome in preemies 5 X more likely if poor vitamin D receptor – Feb 2019
- Severe hand, foot, and mouth virus is 2.9 X more likely if poor Vitamin D receptor – Oct 2018
- Juvenile idiopathic arthritis 2.2 X more likely if poor Vitamin D Receptor – Aug 2018
- Pneumonia in Egyptian Children 3.6 X more likely if poor Vitamin D Receptor – Aug 2018
- Sudden kidney infection in children was 9X more likely if poor Vitamin D receptor – July 2018
- Sepsis in infants 4.8 X more likely if poor vitamin D receptor – March 2018
- Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis 8 X more likely if poor Vitamin D receptor – Dec 2017
- Type 1 Diabetes 14 percent more likely with 2 Vitamin D Receptor mutations – Oct 2017
- Lupus in children 2.6 X more likely if they had poor Vitamin D Receptor – Jan 2017
- Early tooth decay 1.9 X more likely if a poor Vitamin D receptor – July 2017
- Type 1 diabetes 1.6 times more likely if a Vitamin D Receptor problem – Feb 2017
- Childhood asthma about 1.3 times more likely if poor Vitamin D Receptor – meta-analysis Aug 2016