Toggle Health Problems and D
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Preemies should have vitamin D supplements – reaching an agreement – April 2021

Overview of Important Micronutrients Supplementation in Preterm Infants after Discharge: A Call for Consensus

Life (Basel) . 2021 Apr 10;11(4):331. doi: 10.3390/life11040331.
Laura Ilardi 1, Alice Proto 1, Federica Ceroni 2, Daniela Morniroli 3, Stefano Martinelli 1, Fabio Mosca 2 3, Maria Lorella Giannì 2 3


Not only do preemies need vitamin D as soon as possible
It appears that they also may need more for the rest of their lives
   not just for the first year.

VitaminDWiki titles containing preemie OR premature

Items found: 26
Title Modified
Preemie Respiratory Distress Syndrome is 5X more likely if low vitamin D – Dec 2020 18 Dec, 2020
Premature ejaculation associated with low vitamin D – 2018, 2019 30 Jul, 2019
No preemie had even 30 ng of vitamin D, lower D associated with more Respiratory Distress – Aug 2013 24 Jul, 2019
Preemie immunity (Treg) vastly improved by 800 IU of Vitamin D daily – RCT July 2019 24 Jul, 2019
Premature births predicted in office by 2024 - Bill Gates (vs. reduce preemies by half now with Vitamin D) - Feb 2019 28 Feb, 2019
Premature or low birth weight resulted in children 3X more likely to be anxious – meta-analysis May 2011 25 Jan, 2019
Off Topic: Premature birth results in less schooling and income (age 28, 228,000 Danes) – Dec 2018 15 Dec, 2018
Racial differences in health problems (premature births) disappeared when vitamin D levels were the same – April 2018 18 Apr, 2018
The more caffeine while pregnant (coffee, cola) the more bone pain in premature infants – Jan 2018 24 Jan, 2018
Born too soon – premature births report by W.H.O. – 2010 26 Nov, 2017
Sleep Problems in Pregnancy Tied to Premature Births (no surprise, both related to low vitamin D) – Aug 2017 08 Aug, 2017
Premature infants (30 weeks) who got 800-1000 IU of vitamin D were much healthier – March 2017 03 Aug, 2017
Premature infants (30 weeks) who got 800-1000 IU of vitamin D were much healthier – RCT March 2017 05 May, 2017
Folic acid reduces both premature births and neural tube defects – March 2017 05 Apr, 2017
Premature birth 2.5X more likely if mother had low vitamin D and was having twins – July 2013 30 Jun, 2016
Premature birth and infant mortality worse if dark skin (low vitamin D) - 2015 07 Jun, 2016
Premature infants need 400 to 800 IU of vitamin D 13 Apr, 2016
Vitamin D is being used to prevent premature births – Baggerly interview – Dec 2015 18 Dec, 2015
High risk of premature birth if high BMI (low vitamin D) – June 2013 21 Mar, 2015
High risk of extremely premature birth if high BMI (low vitamin D) – June 2013 21 Mar, 2015
Why higher levels of vitamin D reduces premature birth - April 2011 30 Oct, 2014
Rickets in half of premature births – 200 IU of vitamin D is enough – RCT May 2014 24 May, 2014
Morbid obesity increases chance of extreme preemie by 3X (low vitamin D not mentioned) – June 2013 21 Sep, 2013
Getting pregnant in May increases chance of premature birth by 10 percent – July 2013 10 Jul, 2013
Premature delivery associated with low vitamin D in Japanese women – Mar 2011 30 Jun, 2013
In Defence of the Sun – reduce 400000 premature deaths – 2009 13 Jul, 2011

 Download the PDF from VitaminDWiki

Preterm infants have a lower level of nutrient body stores and immature body systems, resulting in a higher risk of malnutrition. Imbalanced complementary feeding could lead to further risk of nutritional deficits and excesses. However, evidence on their nutritional requirements following hospital discharge is limited. When planning complementary feeding, appropriate micronutrient intake should be considered for their critical role in supporting various body functions. This narrative review summarizes the need for iron, zinc, vitamin D, calcium, phosphate and long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFAs) supplementation in preterm infants during complementary feeding.

Regarding iron and vitamin D, the scientific community is reaching an agreement on supplementation in some categories of prematures.

On the contrary, there is still not enough evidence to detail possible recommendations for LCPUFAs, zinc, calcium and phosphorus supplementation. However, these micronutrients are paramount for preterms' health: LCPUFAs can promote retinal and brain development while calcium and phosphorus supplementation is essential to prevent preterms' metabolic bone disease (MBD). Waiting for a consensus on these micronutrients, it is clear how the knowledge of the heterogeneity of the prematures population can help adjust the nutritional planning regarding the growth rate, comorbidities and comprehensive clinical history of the preterm infant.

Created by admin. Last Modification: Thursday May 6, 2021 18:34:40 GMT-0000 by admin. (Version 5)
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