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Breast Cancer, Vitamin D, and genes – Welsh Nov 2021


Vitamin D and Breast Cancer: Mechanistic Update

JMBR doi: 10.1002/jbm4.10582
JoEllen Welsh, PhD

The presence of the vitamin D receptor (VDR) in mammary gland and breast cancer has long been recognized, and multiple pre-clinical studies have demonstrated that its ligand 1,25- dihydroxyvitamin D (1,25D) modulates normal mammary gland development and inhibits growth of breast tumors in animal models. Vitamin D deficiency is common in breast cancer patients and some evidence suggests that low vitamin D status enhances the risk for disease development or progression. Although many 1,25D responsive targets in normal mammary cells and in breast cancers have been identified, validation of specific targets that regulate cell cycle, apoptosis, autophagy and differentiation, particularly in vivo, has been challenging. Model systems of carcinogenesis have provided evidence that both VDR expression and 1,25D actions change with transformation, but clinical data regarding vitamin D responsiveness of established tumors is limited and inconclusive. Because breast cancer is heterogeneous, the relevant VDR targets and potential sensitivity to vitamin D repletion or supplementation will likely differ between patient populations. Detailed analysis of VDR actions in specific molecular subtypes of the disease will be necessary to clarify the conflicting data. Genomic, proteomic and metabolomic analyses of in vitro and in vivo model systems is also warranted to comprehensively understand the network of vitamin D regulated pathways in the context of breast cancer heterogeneity. This review provides an update on recent studies spanning the spectrum of mechanistic (cell/molecular), pre-clinical (animal models) and translational work on the role of vitamin D in breast cancer.

Summary.

Breast cancers are highly heterogeneous, yet many express VDR suggesting that vitamin D status may be clinically relevant for women living with this disease. Mechanistic studies have demonstrated that vitamin D signaling opposes multiple proliferative pathways in both normal breast tissue and in breast cancers, including those driven by reproductive hormones. Recent studies in model systems have highlighted inhibitory effects of vitamin D signaling on EMT and breast cancer stem cells which would be predicted to reduce their capacity to drive metastasis, drug resistance and poor survival. These effects include inhibition of CD44 signaling via disruption of HAS2 production of its ligand HA. In addition, vitamin D has the potential to modulate various non-cancerous cell types in the tumor microenvironment to promote tumor immunity and inhibit tumor angiogenesis. Translation of these findings into prevention or treatment of human breast cancer will require attention to several research gaps including identification of common and relevant VDR targets in distinct breast cancer subtypes, clarification of the mechanisms and importance of accumulation and turnover of vitamin D metabolites in tumors and discovery of regulatory mechanisms that enhance vitamin D signaling in the TME.
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VitaminDWiki

Overview Breast Cancer and Vitamin D

Overview Breast Cancer and Vitamin D


Breast Cancer and Vitamin D Receptor studies


Breast Cancer and Vitamin Gene studies


Studies: Breast Cancer and CYP27B1


Category listing: Genetics

307 articles in the Genetics category

see also

Vitamin D blood test misses a lot
Blood Test Misses a lot (VDW 3439)

  • Vitamin D from coming from tissues (vs blood) was speculated to be 50% in 2014, and by 2017 was speculated to be 90%
  • Note: Good blood test results (> 40 ng) does not mean that a good amount of Vitamin D actually gets to cells
  • A Vitamin D test in cells rather than blood was feasible (2017 personal communication)
  •    Commercially available 2019
    • However, test results would vary in each tissue due to multiple genes
  • Good clues that Vitamin D is being restricted from getting to the cells
    1) A vitamin D-related health problem runs in the family
    2) Slightly increasing Vitamin D shows benefits (even if conventional Vitamin D test shows an increase)
    3) Vitamin D Receptor test (<$30) scores are difficult to understand in 2016
    • easier to understand the VDR 23andMe test results analyzed by FoundMyFitness in 2018

    4) Back Pain

Category listing - CYP27B1

The CYP27B1 gene activates Vitamin D in the Kidney,    Skin,    Lungs,    Brain,   Eyes   Breasts   etc.
CYtochrome P450 family 27 subfamily B member 1    = 25-Hydroxyvitamin D3 1-alpha-hydroxylase

Vitamin D blood test misses CYP27B1 and other genes
Blood Test Misses a lot (VDW 3439)


Cancers might alter the CYP24A1 gene

CYP24A1 enzyme and Vitamin D - many studies


Vitamin D Receptor category with CANCER in the title (76 as of Feb 2022)

This list is automatically updated

Items found: 80
Title Modified
Breast cancer spreads to bone if poor vitamin D Receptor (no surprise) – Oct 2022 31 Oct, 2022
2X more Thyroid Cancer malignancy if less than 15 ng of vitamin D – June 2012 16 Sep, 2022
Cancers are associated with low vitamin D, poor vaccination response and perhaps poor VDR – July 2022 15 Aug, 2022
Poor prognosis of solid childhood cancers 14.7 X more likely with a poor Vitamin D Receptor – July 2022 27 Jul, 2022
Breast Cancer, Vitamin D, and genes – Welsh Nov 2021 09 Feb, 2022
How cancer is fought by Vitamin D (Ovarian this time) - Feb 2020 01 Nov, 2021
Lung Cancer is up to 7 X more deadly if poor vitamin D genes – Oct 2021 25 Oct, 2021
Cancers and Vitamin D Receptors, including change with race – Feb 2021 24 Oct, 2021
Breast Cancer reduces receptor and thus blocks Vitamin D to the cells – several studies 18 Oct, 2021
After lactation Vitamin D levels are low, increased risk of Breast Cancer, vitamin D should decrease risk – Aug 2021 20 Aug, 2021
Breasts process Vitamin D and change gene activation, might prevent breast cancer if given more Vit. D – July 2021 10 Jul, 2021
Vitamin D Receptor and Cancer 17 Feb, 2021
Oral Cancers - increased risk if low vitamin D or poor vitamin D genes 22 Jan, 2021
Colon cancer risk increases 30X if you have the worst vitamin D receptor mutation – Jan 2021 15 Jan, 2021
Book: Sunlight, UV, Vitamin D and Receptor, Skin and other Cancers - Dec 2020 09 Dec, 2020
Colorectal Cancer Patients 2.4 X more likely to have poor Vitamin D receptors (less D to cells) – April 2020 02 May, 2020
Colorectal cancer linked to poor Vitamin D Receptor (yet again) – Jan 2020 22 Jan, 2020
8 ways that Cancer might be prevented by Vitamin D - June 2019 26 Dec, 2019
Liver Cancer – higher risk if poor genes (Vitamin D receptor etc) – meta-analysis Dec 2019 14 Dec, 2019
Prostate Cancer associated with various genes, including Vitamin D Receptor and CYP24A1 – Nov 2019 15 Nov, 2019
Risk of Cancer increased if poor Vitamin D Receptor – meta-analysis of 73 studies Jan 2016 09 Nov, 2019
Cancer is leading cause of death - Vitamin D and Receptor activators help 09 Nov, 2019
Melanoma cancer growth slowed by increased Vitamin D Receptor (yet again) – Oct 2019 06 Nov, 2019
Breast cancer associated with Vitamin D Receptor (14th study) – Oct 2019 19 Oct, 2019
Colorectal Cancer risk increases when genes reduce the vitamin D levels – Aug 2019 23 Aug, 2019
Breast Cancer death 1.8 X more likely if poor Vitamin D Receptor – April 2019 29 Jul, 2019
Blood cell cancer is associated with a 3X worse Vitamin D Receptor – June 2019 14 Jun, 2019
Lung Cancer more likely if poor Vitamin D Receptor – meta-analysis June 2019 13 Jun, 2019
After breast cancer treatment 4,000 IU of Vitamin D was not enough to help if have poor Vitamin D receptor – June 2019 04 Jun, 2019
Effects of Resveratrol against Lung Cancer in mice – Nov 2017 28 Apr, 2019
The Role of Resveratrol in Cancer Therapy – Dec 2017 27 Apr, 2019
Good Vitamin D receptor reduced bladder cancer and cisplatin deaths – April 2019 11 Apr, 2019
A poor Vitamin D Receptor is associated with many cancers (oral cancer in this case) – Jan 2019 26 Mar, 2019
Breast Cancer and Vitamin D review – March 2018 17 Mar, 2019
Overview of Vitamin D Actions in Cancer – 31 page chapter in a book – 2018 15 Mar, 2019
Women with Breast Cancer were 16.9 times more likely to have a poor Vitamin D Receptor – Jan 2019 11 Feb, 2019
Risks of Colorectal Cancer, IBD, etc slightly increased if poor Vitamin D Receptor – Aug 2018 09 Dec, 2018
Ovarian Cancer risk reduced if higher vitamin D, more UVB, or better vitamin D receptor – Nov 2018 10 Nov, 2018
Cancer treatment by Vitamin D sometimes is restricted by genes – Oct 2018 01 Nov, 2018
Brain cancer in 175 countries related to low UVB and low vitamin D – Oct 2010 03 Oct, 2018
Pancreatic Cancer – live a year longer if have high vitamin D and good Vitamin D Receptor – Aug 2018 15 Aug, 2018
Endometriosis, Endometrial Cancer, and poor Vitamin D or Receptor – Aug 2018 08 Aug, 2018
Risk of colon cancer increases in mice with no Vitamin D receptor in colon - July 2018 07 Jul, 2018
Vitamin D receptor is essential for both normal and cancerous cells in the lab – June 2018 16 Jun, 2018
Active Vitamin D reduces Ovarian Cancer stem cells growth by 4X (via Vitamin D receptor in lab rat) – March 2018 28 Mar, 2018
Two chemicals increase the Vitamin D receptor and decrease the growth of breast cancer cells in the lab - March 2018 17 Mar, 2018
Ovarian Cancer in Asia is 1.5 X more likely if poor Vitamin D receptor – meta-analysis Dec 2017 14 Dec, 2017
Nonmelanoma Skin Cancer 2X more likely if poor Vitamin D Receptor – Oct 2017 19 Oct, 2017
Cancer and the Vitamin D Receptor, a primer – Sept 2017 01 Oct, 2017
Thyroid Cancer rate has increased 3X in 3 decades, Vitamin D Receptor decreases, Calcium increases – Aug 2017 26 Aug, 2017
Advanced Colon Cancer risk is doubled or halved with 1000 IU of Vitamin D, depends on Vitamin D Receptors – RCT May 2017 19 Aug, 2017
Cancer risks and Vitamin D Receptors – association is unclear – 2017 19 Aug, 2017
Increased Breast Cancer metastasis if low vitamin D or poor VDR – Feb 2016 09 Aug, 2017
Colon Cancer survival 3.1 X less likely if poor Vitamin D Receptor – Aug 2017 02 Aug, 2017
Lung Cancer patients were 2.4 times more likely to have a poor Vitamin D Receptor gene – July 2017 27 Jul, 2017
Pancreatic Cancer massively deregulates the local Vitamin D receptors and CPY24A1 – July 2014 25 Jul, 2017
Gastric Cancer 2.7 X more likely if poor Vitamin D Receptor (Chinese) – 2015 15 Jun, 2017
Skin Cancers, Vitamin D, Vitamin D Receptor and Genes – Jan 2015 17 Mar, 2017
Prostate cancer in black men is 1.6 times more likely if a poor Vitamin D Receptor – Feb 2017 06 Mar, 2017
2X more likely to survive a form of esophageal cancer in China if have good vitamin D receptor – Feb 2017 04 Mar, 2017
Urinary Bladder Cancer survival is associated with vitamin D receptor: 14 months vs 53 months – Oct 2015 02 Mar, 2017
Vitamin D receptor as a target for breast cancer therapy (abstract only) – Feb 2017 01 Mar, 2017
Ovarian Cancer 5.8 X more likely if both low vitamin D and Fok1 gene change – May 2013 27 Feb, 2017
Vitamin D receptor may suppress skin cancer – Dec 2013 27 Jan, 2017
Aggressive Prostate Cancer in blacks with low vitamin D – 7X more likely if added Calcium – Jan 2017 28 Dec, 2016
Breast Cancer was 4.6 times more likely if have a poor Vitamin D Receptor – Dec 2016 06 Dec, 2016
Vitamin D, Vitamin D Receptor and Cancer – Nov 2016 05 Dec, 2016
High PSA readings with Prostate Cancer 4 times more likely if poor Vitamin D receptor – March 2016 14 Nov, 2016
2X less prostate cancer in A-A with low Calcium is due vitamin D receptor gene – July 2013 14 Nov, 2016
Vitamin D receptor polymorphisms are risk factors for various cancers – meta-analysis Jan 2014 12 Nov, 2016
10 percent of colon cancer linked to Vitamin D Receptor – meta-analysis April 2012 23 Sep, 2016
Vitamin D Receptor role in Autoimmune Diseases and or cancers – Nov 2013 17 Mar, 2016
Skin cancer 20 percent more likely with some Vitamin D receptor gene polymorphisms – Oct 2015 06 Jan, 2016
Pancreatic Cancer treatment by calcipotriol (a synthetic vitamin D) improves outcome by 57 percent – Sept 2014 13 Dec, 2015
Poor Bladder Cancer survival associated with poor Vitamin D receptor – Oct 2015 18 Oct, 2015
Increased risk of some female cancers if low vitamin D (due to genes) – meta-analysis June 2015 03 May, 2015
Free vitamin D (VDR) may be more important than total for bladder cancer – March 2013 06 Jan, 2014
Genes breast cancer and vitamin D receptor - Sept 2010 08 Jul, 2013
Breast Cancer incidence change by 40 percent with vitamin D receptor genes – Oct 2012 08 Jul, 2013
Vitamin D receptor in breasts and breast cancer vary with race – March 2013 08 Jul, 2013

Created by admin. Last Modification: Wednesday February 9, 2022 19:04:45 GMT-0000 by admin. (Version 9)

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