A narrow-band ultraviolet B course improves vitamin D balance and alters cutaneous CYP27A1 and CYP27B1 mRNA expression levels in haemodialysis patients supplemented with oral vitamin D.
Nephron Clin Pract. 2013;124(1-2):17-22. doi: 10.1159/000355010. Epub 2013 Sep 12.
Ala-Houhala MJ1, Vähävihu K, Snellman E, Hasan T, Kautiainen H, Karisola P, Dombrowski Y, Schauber J, Saha H, Reunala T.
Department of Dermatology, Tampere University Hospital, Tampere, Finland
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients on dialysis are prone to vitamin D insufficiency despite oral vitamin D supplementation. Here, we studied whether narrow-band ultraviolet B (NB-UVB) exposures improve vitamin D balance.
14 haemodialysis patients and 15 healthy subjects receiving oral cholecalciferol 20 µg daily got nine NB-UVB exposures on the entire body. Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) was measured by radioimmunoassay. Cutaneous mRNA expression levels of CYP27A1 and CYP27B1, two enzymes required for hydroxylation of vitamin D into its active metabolite, were also measured.
The baseline serum 25(OH)D concentration was 57.6 ± 18.2 nmol/l in the CKD patients and 74.3 ± 14.8 nmol/l in the healthy subjects. The NB-UVB course increased serum 25(OH)D by 14.0 nmol/l (95% CI 8.7-19.5) and 17.0 nmol/l (CI 13.7-20.2), respectively. At baseline the CKD patients showed significantly increased CYP27B1 levels compared to the healthy subjects.
A short NB-UVB course is an efficient way to improve vitamin D balance in CKD patients on dialysis who are receiving oral vitamin D supplementation. The increased cutaneous CYP27B1 levels in the CKD patients suggest that the loss of renal activity of this enzyme is at least partially compensated for by the skin.
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- It appears that the two groups had been supplementing with 800 IU of vitamin D for a long time.
VitaminDWiki finds it amazing that such a low level was used – especially with dialysis which further decreases vitamin D levels
- Those with chronic kidney disease had lower level of vitamin D: 23 ng vs 30 ng – understandable since kidney is the primary means to activate vitamin D
- Narrowband UVB was added, increasing levels by 5.6 ng and 6.8 ng respectively
- UVB improved vitamin D levels in 3 diseases, controls improved more – PHD Nov 2013 PHD dissertation by one of the authors of this study
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- Search VitaminDWiki for CYP27A1 KIDNEY 89 hits as of Aug 2014
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