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Hyperglycemia associated with low vitamin D – type II diabetics and healthy people – meta-analysis Jan 2018

Nutrients. 2018 Jan 10;10(1). pii: E59. doi: 10.3390/nu10010059.
Rafiq S1, Jeppesen PB2.


Pages listed in BOTH of the categories Diabetes and Meta-analysis

Pages listed in BOTH of the categories Diabetes and Intervention

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There is evidence that vitamin D status is associated with type 2 diabetes. Many observational studies have been performed investigating the relationship of vitamin D status and circulating biomarkers of glycemic regulation. To find out whether this association holds, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of cross sectional and longitudinal studies. We searched Pubmed, Medline and Embase, all through June 2017. The studies were selected to determine the effect of vitamin D on the parameters of glucose metabolism in diabetic and non-diabetic subjects. Correlation coefficients from all studies were pooled in a random effects meta-analysis. The risk of bias was assessed using Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) system. We found significant inverse relationship of vitamin D status with glycemic level in both diabetic (r = -0.223, 95% CI = -0.184 to -0.261, p = 0.000) and non-diabetic (r = -0.073, 95% CI = -0.052 to -0.093, p = 0.000) subjects.

This meta-analysis concludes that hypovitaminosis D is associated with increased risk of hyperglycemia both in diabetic and non-diabetic subjects. A future strategy for the prevention of impaired glycemic regulation could be individualized supplementation of vitamin D.

PMID: 29320437 DOI: 10.3390/nu10010059

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