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Vitamin D helps Diabetic Nephropathy kidneys – meta-analysis April 2019

Effects of Vitamin D Supplementation on Renal Function, Inflammation and Glycemic Control in Patients with Diabetic Nephropathy: a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Kidney Blood Press Res. 2019;44(1):72-87. doi: 10.1159/000498838.
Wang Y1, Yang S1, Zhou Q1, Zhang H1, Yi B2.

VitaminDWiki

Poor kidneys rarely get enough or the right form of vitamin D – Feb 2019

Kidney category starts with

Kidney category listing has 183 items

see also Overview Kidney and vitamin D
Search VitaminDWiki for dialysis OR haemodialysis 1040 items as of Nov 2018
Search VitaminDWiki for kidney transplant 798 items as of June 2019
"Chronic Kidney Disease" OR CKD 874 items as of Jan 2018

Calcitriol category listing has 43 items along with related searches

Kidney Intervention trials using Vitamin D:

Overview Kidney and vitamin D contains the following summary

  • FACT: Kidney is the primary way to activate vitamin D
  • FACT: When the Kidney has problems, there is less active vitamin D (Calcitriol) for the body
  • FACT: When the Kidney has problems, there is increased death due to many factors - many of which are associated with lack of Calcitriol
  • FACT: There are many on-going intervention clinical trials trying to determine how much of what kind of vitamin D is needed to treat the problem
  • FACT: One Randomized Controlled Trial has proven that Vitamin D treats CKD
  • FACT: Taking extra Vitamin D, in various forms, does not cause health problems - even if poor kidney
  • Suggestion: Increase vitamin D getting into body now - and increase co-factors so that the vitamin D can be better used
      Sun, UV lamp, Vitamin D supplement - probably > 5,000 IU,
    Calcitriol - which bypasses the need for the kidney to activate vitamin D
      Problems with Calcitriol however: typically only lasts for a few hours, also, possible complications
        Update: Pre-cursor of active vitamin D made from plants is better than calcitriol – Sept 2012
  • Category Kidney and Vitamin D contains 183 items

Items in both categories Diabetes and Kidney are listed here

The Meta-analysis of Diabetes and Vitamin D

 Download the PDF from VitaminDWiki

BACKGROUND/AIMS:
Vitamin D (VD) is widely recognized as renal protective. However, whether VD supplementation provides benefit to patients with diabetic nephropathy (DN) remains controversial. Here, we performed a meta-analysis to systematically evaluate the impact of VD supplementation on indexes of renal function, inflammation and glycemic control in DN patients, and to explore the potential renal protective mechanism of VD.

METHODS:
We searched Pubmed, Embase, Cochrane Library, and three major Chinese biomedical databases (CNKI, WANGFANG and VIP) for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) examining the effects of VD or its analogs in DN patients, published between September 2007 and July 2018. Quality assessment and data extraction were performed independently by two authors, according to the Cochrane systematic review methods. Meta-analysis based on the extracted results were performed via Revman 5.2 software.

RESULTS:
We included 20 RCTs representing 1,464 patients with DN in this meta-analysis. VD supplementation significantly reduced 24-hour urine protein [MD = -0.26; 95% CI (-0.34, -0.17); P < 0.00001; I2 = 95%], UAER [MD = -67.36; 95% CI (-91.96, -42.76); P < 0.00001; I2 = 97%], hs-CRP [MD = -0.69; 95% CI (-0.86,-0.53); P < 0.00001; I2 = 0%], TNF-α [MD = -56.79; 95% CI (-77.05, -36.52); P < 0.00001; I2 = 89%] and IL-6 [MD = -0.73; 95% CI(-1.03, -0.44); P < 0.00001; I2 = 0%]. However, VD supplementation failed to decrease SCr [MD = -0.83; 95% CI (-3.67,2.02); P = 0.57; I2 = 0%] or increase eGFR [MD = 2.13; 95% CI (-2.06, 6.32); P = 0.32; I2 = 0%]. In addition, VD supplementation showed no impact on indexes of glycemic control, such as HbA1c [MD = 0.01; 95% CI (-0.09, 0.11); P = 0.84; I2 = 0%] and FBG [MD = -0.05; 95% CI (-0.29, 0.20); P = 0.70; I2 = 0%]. Analysis of 24-hour urine protein, SCr, eGFR, hs-CRP or HbA1c revealed no difference between subgroups based on the type of VD supplementation, including calcitriol, alfacalcidol and vitamin D3, and the dose or duration of calcitriol usage.

CONCLUSION:
In patients with DN, VD supplementation provides beneficial effects on 24-hour urine protein and inflammation indexes, but not on SCr, eGFR or glycemic control indexes. More RCTs that comprehensively evaluate the impact of VD supplementation on indexes of renal function, inflammation and glycemic control in DN atients are required in order to reach conclusive results.

Created by admin. Last Modification: Tuesday June 11, 2019 16:09:24 GMT-0000 by admin. (Version 4)

Attached files

ID Name Comment Uploaded Size Downloads
11792 DN Meta-analysis.pdf PDF 2019 admin 23 Apr, 2019 13:28 2.04 Mb 29
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