Table of contents
- Vitamin D receptor problems increases risk of AIS by 2X to 3X in Asians - Meta-analysis Jan 2018
- AIS 2X more likely in Asians if poor Vitamin D Receptor - May 2018
- Vitamin D Receptor in VitaminDWiki
- Do not test AIS for low vitamin D (correct : poor receptor is not noticed by vitamin D test) - Jan 2018
- Dark skinned AIS girls were 3.6 X more likely to have low vitamin D - May 2019
Association of vitamin D receptor BsmI rs1544410 and ApaI rs7975232 polymorphisms with susceptibility to adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Jan;97(2):e9627. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000009627
Yin X1, Wang H1, Guo J1, Zhang L2, Zhang Y1, Li L1, Hou S1.
AIS is the most common spinal deformity disease, yet its etiology remains uncertain. Significant associations have been found between AIS risk and vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene polymorphisms; however, some of these results are controversial. The aim of this study was to determine whether VDR BsmI rs1544410 and ApaI rs7975232 polymorphisms are correlated with AIS.
Databases, including PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, the Cochrane Library, the Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, and the Wanfang Database, were systematically searched, and eligible case-control studies that explored the association of VDR (BsmI and ApaI) and the susceptibility to AIS were selected. The pooled odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence interval (95% CI) was calculated to assess the associations, and subgroup meta-analyses were performed according to the ethnicity of the study population.
A total of 5 studies with 717 cases and 554 controls fulfilled the inclusion criteria after assessment by 2 reviewers. Generally, significant correlations were found between the BsmI polymorphism and AIS risk in overall populations and in Asian populations (overall population: B vs b:OR = 2.12, 95% CI = 1.21-3.75, P = .009; BB vs bb: OR = 3.38, 95% CI = 1.08-10.57, P = .036; Bb vs bb: OR = 2.50, 95% CI = 1.29-4.82, P = .006; BB/Bb vs bb: OR = 2.71, 95% CI = 1.31-5.63, P = .007; Asian population: B vs b: OR = 2.42, 95% CI = 1.27-4.61, P = .007; BB vs bb: OR = 4.09, 95% CI = 1.03-16.22, P = .045; Bb vs bb: OR = 2.94, 95% CI = 1.42-6.10, P = .004; BB/Bb vs bb: OR = 3.23, 95% CI = 1.42-7.35, P = .005). There was no significant association observed in Caucasian populations (all P > .05). With regard to the ApaI polymorphism, we found that it significantly decreased the risk of AIS (Aa vs AA: OR = 0.43, 95% CI = 0.24-0.77, P = .004; Aa/aa vs AA: OR = 0.52, 95% CI = 0.30-0.91, P = .023); however, we could not draw a definitive conclusion for Caucasian populations, as no studies have been conducted in this group to determine the role of the VDR ApaI polymorphism in AIS etiology and development.
VDR BsmI was significantly associated with AIS susceptibility in the overall and Asian populations, while the VDR ApaI polymorphism only played a key role in AIS etiology and development in Asian populations.
PMID: 29480871 DOI: 10.1097/MD.0000000000009627
Association between polymorphisms in vitamin D receptor gene and adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: a meta-analysis
European Spine Journal, Online: 04 May 2018 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00586-018-5614-0
Jun DaiZheng-tao LvJun-ming Huang, Peng Cheng, Huang Fang, An-min Chen
Purpose:This meta-analysis was performed to clarify whether the two single nucleotide polymorphisms (ApaI and BsmI) in vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene conferred susceptibility to adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS).
Methods: A comprehensive literature search in five online databases (PubMed, EMBASE, ISI Web of Science, CNKI, and Wanfang) was performed to identify studies that analyzed the association between VDR gene polymorphisms and risk of AIS. Observational studies met the predetermined inclusion criteria were selected for meta-analysis. The most appropriate genetic model was identified using a genetic model-free approach. Meta-analysis was performed using RevMan 5.3 software.
Five eligible studies were included in this meta-analysis, which involved a total of 717 cases and 554 controls. A statistically significant association was observed between BsmI polymorphism and AIS (OR 1.90, 95% CI 1.32, 2.62).
In subgroup analysis by ethnicity, the association between BsmI polymorphism and AIS was significant in Asians (OR 2.06, 95% CI 1.56, 2.73) but not in Caucasians (OR 0.70, 95% CI 0.23, 2.19). However, the ApaI polymorphism was not associated with AIS. Moreover, no evidence of association between BMD and the two VDR gene polymorphisms was detected.
Conclusions: Meta-analysis of existing data suggested that BsmI was associated with increased risk of AIS in Asian populations. Nevertheless, further studies with rigorous design and more ethnic groups are encouraged to validate our findings.
Vitamin D Receptor category has the following
Vitamin D tests cannot detect Vitamin D Receptor (VDR) problems
A poor VDR restricts Vitamin D from getting in the cells
It appears that 30% of the population has a poor VDR (40% of the Obese )
VDR at-home test $29 - results not easily understood in 2016
There are hints that you may have inherited a poor VDR
Compensate for poor VDR by increasing one or more:
|1) Vitamin D supplement|
Sun, Ultraviolet -B
| Vitamin D in the blood |
and thus in the cells
|2) Magnesium||Vitamin D in the blood |
AND in the cells
|3) Omega-3||Vitamin D in the cells|
|4) Resveratrol||Vitamin D Receptor|
|5) Intense exercise||Vitamin D Receptor|
|6) Get prescription for VDR activator|
|Vitamin D Receptor|
|7) Quercetin (flavonoid)||Vitamin D Receptor|
|8) Zinc is in the VDR||Vitamin D Receptor|
|9) Boron||Vitamin D Receptor ?, |
|10) Essential oils e.g. ginger, curcumin||Vitamin D Receptor|
|11) Progesterone||Vitamin D Receptor|
|12) Infrequent high concentration Vitamin D|
Increases the concentration gradient
|Vitamin D in the cells|
|13) Sulfroaphone and perhaps sulfur||Vitamin D Receptor|
Note: If you are not feeling enough benefit from Vitamin D, you might try increasing VDR activation. You might feel the benefit within days of adding one or more of the above
Far healthier and stronger at age 72 due to supplements Includes 6 supplements which help the VDR
If poor Vitamin D Receptor
Do not test AIS for low vitamin D (correct : poor receptor is not noticed by vitamin D test) - Jan 2018
Do not screen Adolescents for Idiopathic Scoliosis -US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement - Jan 2018
JAMA. 2018;319(2):165-172. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.19342
Importance Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, a lateral curvature of the spine of unknown cause with a Cobb angle of at least 10°, occurs in children and adolescents aged 10 to 18 years. Idiopathic scoliosis is the most common form and usually worsens during adolescence before skeletal maturity. Severe spinal curvature may be associated with adverse long-term health outcomes (eg, pulmonary disorders, disability, back pain, psychological effects, cosmetic issues, and reduced quality of life). Early identification and effective treatment of mild scoliosis could slow or stop curvature progression before skeletal maturity, thereby improving long-term outcomes in adulthood.
Objective To update the 2004 US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendation on screening for idiopathic scoliosis in asymptomatic adolescents.
Evidence Review The USPSTF reviewed the evidence on the benefits and harms of screening for and treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.
Findings The USPSTF found no direct evidence on screening for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis and health outcomes and no evidence on the harms of screening. The USPSTF found inadequate evidence on treatment with exercise and surgery. It found adequate evidence that treatment with bracing may slow curvature progression in adolescents with mild or moderate curvature severity (Cobb angle <40° to 50°); however, evidence on the association between reduction in spinal curvature in adolescence and long-term health outcomes in adulthood is inadequate. The USPSTF found inadequate evidence on the harms of treatment. Therefore, the USPSTF concludes that the current evidence is insufficient and that the balance of benefits and harms of screening for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis cannot be determined.
Conclusions and Recommendation The USPSTF concludes that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of screening for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis in children and adolescents aged 10 to 18 years. (I statement)
Impact of Race Subgroups on the Assessment of Vitamin D Status in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis.
Orthopedics. 2019 May 1;42(3):158-162. doi: 10.3928/01477447-20190424-07.
The authors' main objective was to demonstrate the confounding effect of combining subgroup data, specifically race, on the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). This was a retrospective chart review. Vitamin D deficiency was defined as 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) less than 20 ng/mL. Data were compared between white patients and black and Hispanic patients. Vitamin D status in girls with AIS was also compared with that in girls without AIS who had a history of fracture and with the medical literature to determine if deficiency in AIS was equal to or greater than other cohorts. Mean age was 13.9±2.3 years for the white girls with AIS (n=221) and 13.6±2.2 years for pooled non-whites (n=134). Significant racial differences were found that biased interpretation of the total pooled cohort. Mean 25(OH)D was 27.9±8.5 ng/mL for white girls with AIS vs 21.9±10.3 ng/mL for non-whites (P<.0001). Deficiency was present in 13.1% of white girls vs 47.8% of non-white girls (P<.0001). Compared with girls with fractures and with the published literature, the race-matched deficiency rates were not abnormally high in girls with AIS. Prevalence of deficiency was greater in non-whites with AIS than in whites. However, percent deficiency was not greater in girls with AIS than in race-matched cohorts without AIS. Without separating data by race, interpretation of vitamin D status can be confounded.