The possible role of maternal and placental vitamin D receptor polymorphisms and haplotypes in pathogenesis of preeclampsia.
Clin Exp Hypertens. 2019 Apr 20:1-6. doi: 10.1080/10641963.2019.1601203
|1) Vitamin D supplement|
Sun, Ultraviolet -B
| Vitamin D in the blood |
and thus in the cells
|2) Magnesium||Vitamin D in the blood |
AND in the cells
|3) Omega-3||Vitamin D in the cells|
|4) Resveratrol||Vitamin D Receptor|
|5) Intense exercise||Vitamin D Receptor|
|6) Get prescription for VDR activator|
|Vitamin D Receptor|
|7) Quercetin (flavonoid)||Vitamin D Receptor|
|8) Zinc is in the VDR||Vitamin D Receptor|
|9) Boron||Vitamin D Receptor ?, |
|10) Essential oils e.g. ginger, curcumin||Vitamin D Receptor|
|11) Progesterone||Vitamin D Receptor|
|12) Infrequent high concentration Vitamin D|
Increases the concentration gradient
|Vitamin D in the cells|
|13) Sulfroaphone and perhaps sulfur||Vitamin D Receptor|
Note: If you are not feeling enough benefit from Vitamin D, you might try increasing VDR activation. You might feel the benefit within days of adding one or more of the above
Items in both categories Pregnancy and Vitamin D Receptor are listed here:
- Gestational Diabetes – increased risk if poor Vitamin D Receptor – Meta-Analysis Jan 2021
- Higher risk of Recurrent Pregnancy Loss if poor Vitamin D Receptor – Feb 2021
- Spontaneous Miscarriage strongly associated with 2 vitamin D genes – March 2020
- Preterm birth associated with many genes, including the Vitamin D Receptor again – Jan 2020
- Preterm birth 8X more likely if poor Vitamin D Receptor – Dec 2019
- Preterm birth 9 X more likely if fetus had a poor Vitamin D Receptor and previous miscarriage – Aug 2017
- Recurrent miscarriage occurs 2.2 more often if poor Vitamin D Receptor – Aug 2019
- Gestational Diabetes 2.4X more likely if poor Vitamin D Receptor (region in China) – June 2019
- Gestational Diabetes 3 X more likely if poor Vitamin D receptor (Turkey) – May 2019
- Preeclampsia 2X more likely if poor Vitamin D Receptor – April 2019
- Preterm births 12 X more likely if poor Vitamin D Receptor (white infants in Italy) – meta-analysis Aug 2018
- UV at time of conception associated with Vitamin D Receptor activation 65 years later – Sept 2017
- A good Vitamin D Receptor (or perhaps more vitamin D) protects against lead during pregnancy
- Vitamin D Receptor is associated with preeclampsia, gestational diabetes and preterm birth – Nov 2017
- Gestational Diabetes Mellitus associated with 4 Vitamin D genes – Oct 2015
- Frequent miscarriage associated with both lower vitamin D and poor Vitamin D receptor – Sept 2017
- Vitamin D genes and pregnancy – 7th study - Sept 2017
- Preterm births strongly related to Vitamin D, Vitamin D Receptor, Iodine, Omega-3, etc
- Recurrent miscarriage associated with half as much vitamin D getting to fetus – Sept 2016
- Progesterone activates vitamin D receptor - many studies
Items in both categories Hypertension and Vitamin D Receptor are listed here:
Farajian-Mashhadi F1, Eskandari F2,3, Rezaei M2,3, Eskandari F4, Najafi D5, Teimoori B6,7, Moradi-Sharbabak M6,7, Salimi S2,3.
1 Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine , Zahedan University of Medical Sciences , Zahedan , Iran.
2 Cellular and Molecular Research Center , Zahedan University of Medical Sciences , Zahedan , Iran.
3 Department of Clinical Biochemistry, School of Medicine , Zahedan University of Medical Sciences , Zahedan , Iran.
4 Institute of Biochemistry and Biophysics , University of Tehran , Tehran , Iran.
5 School of Medicine , Iran University of Medical Sciences , Tehran , Iran.
6 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Medicine , Zahedan University of Medical Sciences , Zahedan , Iran.
7 Pregnancy Health Research Center , Zahedan University of Medical Sciences , Zahedan , Iran.
Vitamin D deficiency may be a main causative agent in the pathogenesis of preeclampsia (PE). The actions of the active form of vitamin D are mediated via the vitamin D receptor (VDR), which is expressed in numerous organs including placenta. Therefore, we evaluated the potential relationship between maternal and placental VDR polymorphisms and the predisposition to PE in an Iranian population.
This case-control study surveyed 152 PE and 160 normotensive pregnant women. The polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) method was performed to examine the maternal and placental VDR Fok1 rs2228570, Bsm1 rs1544410, Taq1 rs731236, and Apa1 rs7975232 polymorphisms.
The maternal but not placental VDR FokI Ff genotype, was significantly lower in PE women (P = .02 and P = .06, respectively). The maternal and placental VDR FokI polymorphism was associated with lower PE risk in the dominant model (Ff+ff vs. FF) and these genotypes could decrease PE risk (OR, 0.5 [95% CI, 0.3-0.8], P = .007 and OR, 0.5 [95% CI, 0.3-0.9], P = .02, respectively). The haplotype analysis revealed that the maternal and placental TABf haplotype may lead to decreased risk of PE. In addition, the placental TABF haplotype was associated with higher risk of PE. No relationship was observed between PE susceptibility and the maternal and placental VDR Bsm1, Taq1 and Apa1 polymorphisms. There was also no relationship between the maternal and placental VDR polymorphisms and PE severity.
the maternal and placental VDR FokI variant was associated with decreased risk of PE in the dominant model.