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Breath better if higher level of Vitamin D – meta-analysis March 2018

Large Meta-Analysis in the CHARGE Consortium Provides Evidence For an Association of Serum Vitamin D With Pulmonary Function

bioRxiv doi: https://doi.org/10.1101/144717

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The Meta-analysis of BREATHING and Vitamin D


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Jiayi Xu, Traci M. Bartz, Geetha Chittoor, Gudny Eiriksdottir, Ani W. Manichaikul, Fangui Sun, Natalie Terzikhan, Xia Zhou, Sarah L. Booth, Guy G. Brusselle, Ian H. de Boer, Myriam Fornage, Alexis C. Frazier-Wood, Mariaelisa Graff, Vilmundur Gudnason, Tamara B. Harris, Albert Hofman, Ruixue Hou, Denise K. Houston, David R. Jacobs Jr., Stephen B. Kritchevsky, Jeanne Latourelle, Rozenn N. Lemaitre, Pamela L. Lutsey, George O'Connor, Elizabeth C. Oelsner, James S. Pankow, Bruce M. Psaty, Rebecca R. Rohde, Stephen S. Rich, Jerome I. Rotter, Lewis J. Smith, Bruno H. Stricker, V. Saroja Voruganti, Thomas J. Wang, M. Carola Zillikens, R. Graham Barr, Josée Dupuis, Sina A. Gharib, Lies Lahousse, Stephanie J. London, Kari E. North, Albert V. Smith, Lyn M. Steffen, Dana B. Hancock, Patricia A. Cassano

The role that vitamin D plays in pulmonary function remains uncertain. Epidemiological studies reported mixed findings for the association of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] and pulmonary function. We conducted the largest cross-sectional meta-analysis of the 25(OH)D-pulmonary function association to date, based on nine European ancestry (EA) cohorts (n=22,838) and five African ancestry (AA) cohorts (n=4,290) in the CHARGE Consortium. Data were analyzed using linear models by cohort and ancestry. Effect modification by smoking status (current/former/never) was tested. Results were combined using fixed-effects meta-analysis. Mean (SD) serum 25(OH)D was 68 (29) nmol/L for EAs and 49 (21) nmol/L for Aas.

For each 1 nmol/L higher 25(OH)D, forced expiratory volume in the first second (FEV1) was higher by 1.1 mL in EAs (95% CI: 0.9,1.3; P=2.5×10-21) and 1.8 mL (95% CI: 1.1,2.5; P=1.6×10-7) in AAs (Prace difference=0.06), and forced vital capacity (FVC) was higher by 1.3 mL in EAs (95% CI: 1.0,1.6; P=1.1×10-20) and 1.5 mL (95% CI: 0.8,2.3; P=1.2×10-4) in AAs (Prace difference=0.56).
Among EAs, the 25(OH)D-FVC association was stronger in smokers: per 1nmol/L higher 25(OH)D, FVC was higher by 1.7 mL (95% CI: 1.1,2.3) for current smokers and 1.7 mL (95% CI: 1.2,2.1) for former smokers, compared to 0.8 mL (95% CI: 0.4,1.2) for never smokers. In summary, the 25(OH)D associations with FEV1 and FVC were positive in both ancestries. In EAs, a stronger association was observed for smokers compared to never smokers, which supports the importance of vitamin D in vulnerable populations.

Created by admin. Last Modification: Tuesday March 13, 2018 02:39:32 UTC by admin. (Version 3)

Attached files

ID Name Comment Uploaded Size Downloads
9499 FVC.jpg admin 13 Mar, 2018 02:33 14.31 Kb 55
9498 FEV.jpg admin 13 Mar, 2018 02:33 15.31 Kb 64
9497 Pulmonary Function.pdf PDF 2018 admin 13 Mar, 2018 02:32 2.82 Mb 25
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