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Hard bones, soft arteries, rather than vice versa (Vitamin D and Vitamin K) – March 2016

Nutritional strategies for skeletal and cardiovascular health: hard bones, soft arteries, rather than vice versa.

Open Heart. 2016 Mar 22;3(1):e000325. doi: 10.1136/openhrt-2015-000325.
O'Keefe JH1, Bergman N2, Carrera-Bastos P3, Fontes-Villalba M3, DiNicolantonio JJ1, Cordain L4.


Items in both categories Cardiovascular and Vitamin K are listed here:

Items in both categories Bones and Vitamin K are listed here:

Overview Osteoporosis and vitamin D contains the following summary

  • FACT: Bones need Calcium (this has been known for a very long time)
  • FACT: Vitamin D improves Calcium bioavailability (3X ?)
  • FACT: Should not take > 750 mg of Calcium if taking lots of vitamin D (Calcium becomes too bio-available)
  • FACT: Adding vitamin D via Sun, UV, or supplements increased vitamin D in the blood
  • FACT: Vitamin D supplements are very low cost
  • FACT: Many trials, studies. reviews, and meta-analysis agree: adding vitamin D reduces osteoporosis
  • FACT: Toxic level of vitamin D is about 4X higher than the amount needed to reduce osteoporosis
  • FACT: Co-factors help build bones.
  • FACT: Vitamin D Receptor can restrict Vitamin D from getting to many tissues, such as bones
  • It appears that to TREAT Osteoporosis:
  •        Calcium OR vitamin D is ok
  •        Calcium + vitamin D is good
  •        Calcium + vitamin D + other co-factors is great
  •        Low-cost Vitamin D Receptor activators sometimes may be helpful
  • CONCLUSION: To PREVENT many diseases, including Osteoporosis, as well as TREAT Osteoporosis
  • Category Osteoporosis has 204 items
  • Category Bone Health has 295 items

Note: Osteoporosis causes bones to become fragile and prone to fracture
  Osteoarthritis is a disease where damage occurs to the joints at the end of the bones

Overview Calcium bioavailability and how much to take has the following

see wikipagehttp://www.vitamindwiki.com/tiki-index.php?page_id=1936

 Download the PDF from VitaminDWiki

Bones are improved far more by Vitamin D than Calcium


Effects on P and Vitamin K


The focus of this paper is to explore better strategies for optimising bone strength and reducing risk of fracture, while at the same time decreasing risk of cardiovascular disease. The majority of Americans do not consume the current recommended dietary allowance for calcium, and the lifetime risk of osteoporosis is about 50%. However, traditional mononutrient calcium supplements may not be ideal. We comprehensively and systematically reviewed the scientific literature in order to determine the optimal dietary strategies and nutritional supplements for long-term skeletal health and cardiovascular health.
To summarise, the following steps may be helpful for building strong bones while maintaining soft and supple arteries:

  • (1) calcium is best obtained from dietary sources rather than supplements;
  • (2) ensure that adequate animal protein intake is coupled with calcium intake of 1000 mg/day;
  • (3) maintain vitamin D levels in the normal range;
  • (4) increase intake of fruits and vegetables to alkalinise the system and promote bone health;
  • (5) concomitantly increase potassium consumption while reducing sodium intake;
  • (6) consider increasing the intake of foods rich in vitamins K1 and K2;
  • (7) consider including bones in the diet; they are a rich source of calcium-hydroxyapatite and many other nutrients needed for building bone.

Created by admin. Last Modification: Wednesday May 1, 2019 16:40:25 GMT-0000 by admin. (Version 5)

Attached files

ID Name Comment Uploaded Size Downloads
11819 Hard bones fig 4.jpg admin 26 Apr, 2019 14:30 17.37 Kb 597
11818 Hard bones fig 2.jpg admin 26 Apr, 2019 14:30 59.32 Kb 586
11817 Hard bones.pdf admin 26 Apr, 2019 14:29 573.00 Kb 378