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5839 genes changed during pregnancy (many genes were related to Vitamin D) – Oct 2016

The Role of Vitamin D in the Transcriptional Program of Human Pregnancy

Amal Al-Garawi, Vincent J. Carey, Divya Chhabra, Hooman Mirzakhani, Jarrett Morrow, Jessica Lasky-Su, Weiliang Qiu, Nancy Laranjo, Augusto A. Litonjua, Scott T. Weiss scott.weiss at channing.harvard.edu
Channing Division of Network Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America


Unfortunately the study does not seem to distinguish # of changes in the 400 IU group vs the 4,400 IU group

Items in both categories Pregnancy and Genes are listed here:

Items in both categories Pregnancy and Vitamin D Receptor gene are listed here:

Genetics category listing contains the following

242 articles in the Genetics category

see also 287 articles in Vitamin D Receptor, 109 articles in Vitamin D Binding Protein

Vitamin D blood test misses a lot
Blood Test Misses a lot (VDW 3439)

  • Snapshot of the literature by VitaminDWiki - (subject to many future developments)
  • Vitamin D from coming from tissues (vs blood) was speculated to be 50% in 2014, andi in 2017 is speculated to be 90%
  • Note: Good results from a blood test (> 40 ng) does not mean that a good amount of Vitamin D actually gets to cells
  • A Vitamin D test in cells appears feasible (personal communication)
    However test results would vary in each tissue due to multiple genes
  • Good clues that Vitamin D is being restricted from getting to the cells
    1) A vitamin D-related health problem runs in the family
       especially if it is one of 51+ diseases related to Vitamin D Receptor
    2) Slightly increasing Vitamin D show benefits (even if conventional Vitamin D test shows an increase)
    3) Vitamin D Receptor test (<$30) scores are difficult to understand in 2016
        easier to understand the VDR 23andMe test results analyzed by FoundMyFitness in 2018
    4) Back Pain
        probably want at least 2 clues before taking adding vitamin D, Omega-3, Magnesium, Resveratrol, etc
          The founder of VitaminDWiki took action with clues #3&4

 Download the PDF from VitaminDWiki

Background: Patterns of gene expression of human pregnancy are poorly understood. In a trial of vitamin D supplementation in pregnant women, peripheral blood transcriptomes were measured longitudinally on 30 women and used to characterize gene co-expression networks.

Objective: Studies suggest that increased maternal Vitamin D levels may reduce the risk of asthma in early life, yet the underlying mechanisms have not been examined. In this study, we used a network-based approach to examine changes in gene expression profiles during the course of normal pregnancy and evaluated their association with maternal Vitamin D levels.

Design: The VDAART (Vitamin D Antenatal Asthma deduction Trial) study is a randomized clinical trial of vitamin D supplementation in pregnancy for reduction of pediatric asthma risk. The trial enrolled 881 women at 10-18 weeks of gestation. Longitudinal gene expression measures were obtained on thirty pregnant women, using RNA isolated from peripheral blood samples obtained in the first and third trimesters. Differentially expressed genes were identified using significance of analysis of microarrays (SAM), and clustered using a weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA). Gene-set enrichment was performed to identify major biological pathways.

Results: Comparison of transcriptional profiles between first and third trimesters of pregnancy identified 5839 significantly differentially expressed genes (FDR<0.05). Weighted gene coexpression network analysis clustered these transcripts into 14 co-expression modules of which two showed significant correlation with maternal vitamin D levels. Pathway analysis of these two modules revealed genes enriched in immune defense pathways and extracellular matrix reorganization as well as genes enriched in notch signaling and transcription factor networks.
Conclusion: Our data show that gene expression profiles of healthy pregnant women change during the course of pregnancy and suggest that maternal Vitamin D levels influence transcriptional profiles. These alterations of the maternal transcriptome may contribute to fetal immune imprinting and reduce allergic sensitization in early life.

Trial Registration: clinicaltrials.gov NCT00920621

Data Availability Statement: All relevant data are within the paper and its Supporting Information files. The data discussed in this publication have been deposited in NCBI's Gene Expression Omnibus and are accessible through GEO Series accession number GSE86200, available at: http:// www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?token=ixeziewgpzgthkj&acc=GSE86200.

Attached files

ID Name Comment Uploaded Size Downloads
7647 Transcriptional Program of Human Pregnancy.pdf PDF 2016 admin 12 Jan, 2017 00:11 3.12 Mb 135
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