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Gestational Diabetes 2.4X more likely if poor Vitamin D Receptor (region in China) – June 2019

VDR Variants rather than Early Pregnancy Vitamin D Concentrations Are Associated with the Risk of Gestational Diabetes: The Ma’anshan Birth Cohort (MABC) Study

Journal of Diabetes Research, Volume 2019, https://doi.org/10.1155/2019/8313901
Beibei Zhu,1,2 Kun Huang,1,2 Shuangqin Yan,3 Jiahu Hao,1,2 Peng Zhu,1,2 Yao Chen,1,2 Aoxing Ye,1,2 and Fangbiao Tao1,2
1 Department of Maternal, Child & Adolescent Health, Anhui Medical University, Hefei, China
2 Anhui Provincial Key Laboratory of Population Health & Aristogenics, Anhui Medical University, Hefei, China
3 Ma’anshan Maternal and Child Health Care Center, Ma’anshan, China
Correspondence: Fangbiao Tao; taofangbiao at 126.com

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Items in categories: Diabetes + Pregnancy + Vitamin D Receptor are listed here:

Items in categories: Diabetes + Pregnancy are listed here:

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Aim. This study investigated the associations among early pregnancy vitamin D concentrations, seasonality, and vitamin D metabolic gene variants and how these variables related alone and in interaction with the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM).

Methods. Research participants were women from the Ma'anshan birth cohort study in China. The overall study included 3110 women to explore the association between early pregnancy vitamin D concentrations and the risk of GDM. In the current analysis, a nested case-control study of 274 GDM cases and 380 controls was conducted to investigate seven vitamin D metabolic gene variants and the risk of GDM. Vitamin D concentrations were measured by radioimmunoassay. Genotypes were determined by improved multiple ligase detection reaction. Interactions between genetic variants and vitamin D as predictors of the risk of GDM were evaluated by a pair-wise analysis under a multiplicative interaction model.

Results. Vitamin D concentrations were not significantly associated with the risk of GDM (OR = 0.79, 95% CI = 0.55-1.13) after adjusting for seasonality. Fall-winter conceptions had a 37% decreased risk of GDM compared with spring-summer conceptions (OR = 0.63, 95% CI = 0.49-0.81), independent of vitamin D concentrations.
Two VDR gene variants

  • rs1544410 (OR = 2.03, 95% CI = 1.17 -3.51 for CT versus CC) and
  • rs731236 (OR = 2.42, 95% CI = 1.29-4.55 for GA versus AA)

were significantly associated with the risk of GDM. No interactions among genetic variants and vitamin D concentrations were detected.

Conclusion. Early pregnancy vitamin D insufficiency or deficiency was not significantly associated with the risk of GDM. The results of this study emphasize the importance of genetic variants in VDR and conception season as factors that affect the risk of GDM.

Created by admin. Last Modification: Monday June 24, 2019 15:16:56 GMT-0000 by admin. (Version 3)

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