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Low fat milk provides 2.5 times less vitamin D – May 2016

Higher milk fat content is associated with higher 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentration in early childhood.

Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 2016 May;41(5):516-521. Epub 2016 Jan 13. https://doi.org/10.1139/apnm-2015-0671
Vanderhout SM1,2,3, Birken CS4,5,6,7, Parkin PC4,5,6,7, Lebovic G3,7, Chen Y3, O'Connor DL1, Maguire JL1,2,3,4; jonathon.maguire at utoronto.ca TARGetKids! Collaboration.


Bought the PDF. The science seems OK
Many (but not all) studies have found that you need to take Vitamin D with a fatty meal
If true, this might account for association between obesity and drinking skim milk
Wonder if it is because skim milk has more sugar
Wonder how many studies have failed to consider differences between skim and whole milk
Note: Vitamin D which is water soluble can fortify any kind of milk, juice, water, etc.
For example: 10,000 IU of vitamin D powder added to a gallon would add 625 IU per cup

Study also states: 2X more likely to be vitamin D deficient if drink 1% milk
Wonder how much more of a decline (3x?) if drink non-fat milk

History of US Milk Consumption
Huge decrease in US consumption of whole milk from 1970 to 2013
interactive charting of 50+ items - not just milk
The mysterious case of America’s plummeting milk consumption Washington Post - June 2014
See also VitaminDWiki

See also web

See also Vitamin Fortification of Fluid Milk - 2017
Nice review, however, it has no mention of vitamin D being poorly absorbed from low fat or skimmed milk  which is at the bottom of this page
Reminder: 64% of all humans are lactose intollerant

Hypothesis: decreased bioavailable Calcium if decreased Vitamin D (low-fat milk)

Note: Most studies assume that the amount of Calcium adsorbed is independent of the fat content of the milk

  • Dairy Nutrition of Canada
    "Various dietary factors can affect calcium bioavailability. Some food components act synergistically to promote calcium absorption.
    They include:vitamin D ,lactose, casein, phosphopeptides in milk.

  PDF from SciHub via VitaminDWiki
Current guidelines for cow's milk consumption in children older than age 2 years suggest 1% or 2% milk to reduce the risk of obesity. Given that milk is the main dietary source of vitamin D for North American children and that vitamin D is fat soluble, we hypothesized 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) concentration to be positively associated with the fat content of milk. The objective was to determine the relationship between the fat content of milk consumed and the serum 25(OH)D concentration; our secondary objective was to explore the role that the volume of milk consumed played in this relationship. We completed a cross-sectional study of children aged 12-72 months in the TARGetKids! research network. Multivariable linear regression was used to test the association between milk fat content and child 25(OH)D, adjusted for clinically relevant covariates. The interaction between volume of milk and fat content was examined. Two thousand eight hundred fifty-seven children were included in the analysis.

The fat content of milk was positively associated with 25(OH)D (p = 0.03), and the interaction between the volume of milk consumed and the milk fat content was statistically significant (p = 0.005).

Children who drank 1% milk needed 2.46 cups (95% confidence interval (CI) 2.38-2.54) of milk to have a 25(OH)D concentration similar to that of children who drank 1 cup of homogenized milk (3.25% fat).
Children who consumed 1% milk had 2.05 (95% CI 1.73-2.42) times higher odds of having a 25(OH)D concentration <50 nmol/L compared with children who consumed homogenized milk. In conclusion, recommendations for children to drink lower-fat milk (1% or 2%) may compromise serum 25(OH)D levels and may require study to ensure optimal childhood health.

PMID: 27138972


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Low fat milk provides 2.5 times less vitamin D – May 2016        
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10810 Lactose intolerance.jpg admin 07 Nov, 2018 33.16 Kb 2610
10216 Skim exceed whole milk consumption.jpg admin 20 Jul, 2018 32.41 Kb 2107
9628 Milk 2013.jpg admin 03 Apr, 2018 8.57 Kb 2027
8591 fat in milk vs vit D.jpg admin 27 Oct, 2017 25.23 Kb 2407
8590 low-fat milk provides low vitamin D.pdf admin 27 Oct, 2017 294.63 Kb 805
7775 Vitamin Fortification of Fluid Milk.pdf admin 03 Mar, 2017 369.10 Kb 1627
6646 Low fat milk history.jpg admin 06 May, 2016 34.71 Kb 3792