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Benefits of Omega-3 on brain development

Omega-3 and Cognition (items in both categories in VitaminDWiki)

Review of 10 studies behind a $50 paywall – April 2016

Optimal Nutrition In Lactating Women And Its Effect On Later Health Of Offspring: A Systematic Review Of Current Evidence And Recommendations (Early Nutrition Project)
Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition. DOI:10.1080/10408398.2016.1158149
Marita de Waarda, Brigitte Brandsb, Stefanie M.P. Kouwenhovena, Joaquim Calvo Lermac, Paula Crespo-Escobarc, Berthold Koletzko Prof.2b, Bartlomiej M. Zalewskid & Johannes B. van Goudoever Prof.ae*

Background EarlyNutrition (www.project-earlynutrition.eu) is an international research consortium investigating the effects of early nutrition on metabolic programming.

Objective To summarize current evidence and standards, recommendations, guidelines, and regulations on nutrition or supplements in lactating women with emphasis placed on long-term health effects in offspring, including cardiovascular disease, hypertension, overweight/obesity, metabolic syndrome, diabetes, or glucose intolerance.

Methods Medline, Embase, selected databases and websites were searched for documents published between 2010 and 2015.

Results Thirteen documents met the inclusion criteria. Effects of maternal long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid (LC-PUFA) supplementation on overweight/obesity or hypertension in offspring were assessed in 10 studies. One study described the effect of maternal vitamin D supplementation on overweight/obesity, and the remaining 2 studies assessed the effects of maternal probiotic/synbiotic supplementation during lactation on overweight/obesity or metabolic syndrome in their infants. Forty-one documents contained dietary recommendations on various macro- and micronutrients for lactating women, but without consideration of our long-term health outcomes in infants.

Conclusion Literature on nutrition of lactating women and its effect on their infants/ later health with respect to metabolic programming outcomes appeared to be scarce, and focused mostly on supplementation of LC-PUFA's. No recent guidelines or recommendations were available, highlighting the significant research gaps regarding this topic.

Publisher wants $50 for the PDF

Omega-3 from menhaden fish could save billions and improve IQ – Feb 2016

United States menhaden oil could save billions in U.S. health care costs and improve IQ in children. – Feb 2016
Lipid Technol. 2016 Feb;28(2):33-35. Epub 2016 Feb 18.
Bibus DM The University of Minnesota and Lipid Technologies LLC Lipid Technologies, LLC PO BOX 216 Austin MN 55912.

The United States menhaden oil annual production is sufficient to supply all of the recommended long chain Omega-3s for Americans over 55 with coronary heart disease (CHD) and pregnant and lactating women. According to a recent study, the utilization of preventable intake levels could potentially save up to $1.7 billion annually in hospital costs alone. In addition, the remaining oil could be used to support a culture of enough Atlantic salmon to provide every pregnant and lactating woman in the U.S. with 8-12 ounces of fish per week, as recommended by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), throughout the duration of pregnancy and lactation. Based on the FDA's quantitative assessment, this may result in a net increase of IQ by 5.5 points in children and improve their early age verbal development.

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menhaden keeps its mouth open while swiming - feeding on plankton, etc.

400 mg DHA during breastfeeding helped brain development – April 2015

Docosahexaenoic acid supplementation in lactating women increases breast milk and plasma docosahexaenoic acid concentrations and alters infant omega 6:3 fatty acid ratio.
Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids. 2015 Apr;95:63-9. doi: 10.1016/j.plefa.2015.01.005. Epub 2015 Feb 11.
Sherry CL1, Oliver JS2, Marriage BJ2.
1Abbott Nutrition, Scientific and Medical Affairs, 3300 Stelzer Road, Columbus OH 43219, christina.sherry at abbott.com.
2Abbott Nutrition, Scientific and Medical Affairs, 3300 Stelzer Road, Columbus OH 43219, United States.

This study investigated the effects of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) supplementation on the fatty acid composition of breast milk and plasma concentrations in lactating women and their infants. Eighty-nine lactating women 4-6 weeks post-partum received placebo, 200 mg or 400 mg DHA for 6 weeks with usual diets. Breast milk fatty acids and maternal plasma fatty acids were measured at the beginning and end of the study and infant plasma at the end of the study. Breast milk and maternal plasma DHA were significantly greater with 200 mg and 400 mg DHA compared with placebo (50% and 123% breast milk p<0.05; 71% and 101% plasma, p<0.0001), respectively. Infant plasma omega 6:3 and arachidonic acid (AA):DHA were significantly greater in the placebo group compared to both supplement groups (67% and 106%; 71% and 116%, respectively, p<0.05). DHA supplementation impacts infant fatty acids important for brain development and breast milk fatty acid composition.

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Attached files

ID Name Comment Uploaded Size Downloads
6615 DHA Sherry.pdf admin 30 Apr, 2016 365.77 Kb 762
6614 Gulf menhaden.jpg admin 30 Apr, 2016 83.23 Kb 1027
6613 menhaden oil.pdf admin 30 Apr, 2016 98.77 Kb 815