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Far less vitamin D in breast milk if COVID-19 (no surprise) – Aug 2021

Breastfeed Med. 2021 Aug 12. doi: 10.1089/bfm.2021.0170
Veronique Demers-Mathieu 1, Sirima Lavangnananda 1, Elena Medo 1

VitaminDWiki

High risk of COVID-19 if have low Vitamin D
So causation is most likely Low D ==> COVID-19
   should supplment with Vitamin D before, during, and after pregnancy
    - especially if have COVID-19 infection

Items in both categories Pregnancy and Virus:

Pregnancy category starts with

782 items in Pregnancy category

 - see also

 Download the PDF from VitaminDWiki
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Far less likely to have low vitamin D if not have COVID-19
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Background: Vitamin D deficiency was associated with an increased risk of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection. Vitamin D deficient mothers are more likely to have infants with vitamin D deficiency, affecting their immunity and protection against infection. This study aimed at comparing the concentrations of vitamin D3 and T cell-related cytokines in milk between mothers with confirmed COVID-19 polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test, mothers with viral infections suggestive of COVID-19, and mothers without infection.

Materials and Methods: Concentrations of vitamin D3 and T cell-related cytokines in milk samples were determined by ELISA from 10 mothers who had a positive COVID-19 PCR test, 10 mothers with viral symptoms suggestive of COVID-19, and 20 mothers without infection.

Results: Vitamin D3 concentration in human milk was higher in women without infection than in women with viral symptoms or COVID-19 PCR. Interleukin-2 level in milk was higher in the no-infection group than the COVID-19 PCR group but it did not differ with the viral symptoms group. Vitamin D3 did not correlate with any cytokines in human milk. Prenatal vitamin intake did not affect the vitamin D3 in human milk. The percentage of milk from mothers with <20 ng/mL of vitamin D3 was 50% in the COVID-19 PCR group, 60% in the viral symptoms group, and 5% in the no-infection group.

Conclusions: Vitamin D3 level in breast milk may influence maternal immunity against COVID-19 infection. A larger study is needed to evaluate the relationship between vitamin D3 concentration in breast milk, maternal immune response, and the incidence of COVID-19 infection in lactating mothers.


Created by admin. Last Modification: Saturday August 21, 2021 16:19:00 GMT-0000 by admin. (Version 6)

Attached files

ID Name Comment Uploaded Size Downloads
16070 less than 20 ng.jpg admin 14 Aug, 2021 01:40 21.84 Kb 33
16069 Breasr milk COVID.jpg admin 14 Aug, 2021 01:40 35.75 Kb 33
16068 Breast milk and COVID.pdf PDF - 2021 admin 14 Aug, 2021 01:39 452.95 Kb 21
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