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3,800 IU Vitamin D during pregnancy did not help much – RCT Jan 2017

Vitamin D3 Supplementation During Pregnancy and Lactation Improves Vitamin D Status of the Mother–Infant Dyad

Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic & Neonatal Nursing, Volume 46, Issue 1, January–February 2017, Pages 135–147; http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jogn.2016.02.016
Doria K. Thiele, Jody Ralph, Maher El-Masri, Cindy M. Anderson
Vitamin D3 Supplementation During Pregnancy and Lactation Improves Vitamin D Status of the Mother–Infant Dyad

Vitamin D interventions during prebnancy at VitaminDWiki


Objective: To identify the combined effect of prenatal and postnatal vitamin D3 supplementation on the vitamin D status of pregnant and lactating women and their exclusively breastfed infants.

Design: Double-blind, randomized controlled trial.

Setting: Upper Midwestern U.S., hospital-based obstetric practice.

Participants” Pregnant women (N = 13) planning to exclusively breastfeed were randomized at 24 to 28 weeks gestation to receive vitamin D3 at a dosage of 400 IU (control group, n = 6) or 3,800 IU (intervention group, n = 7) daily through 4 to 6 weeks postpartum. Vitamin D status was determined at enrollment and in mother–infant dyads at 24 to 72 hours after birth and 4 to 6 weeks postpartum.

Methods: Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels were measured to determine the effect of vitamin D3 supplementation on the vitamin D status of mothers and infants. Analysis of covariance was used to compare differences in 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels between the control and intervention groups.

Results: The mothers’ vitamin D levels were significantly higher in the intervention group than in the control group at birth (p = .044) and at 4 to 6 weeks postpartum (p = .002). Infants in the intervention group had significantly higher vitamin D levels at birth (p = .021) and nonsignificant, clinically relevant increases at 4 to 6 weeks of age (p = .256). No differences were found between maternal groups in serum calcium or parathyroid hormone levels.

Conclusion: Prenatal to postpartum vitamin D3 supplementation is an effective intervention to increase a mother’s vitamin D status and to promote optimal vitamin D status in newborns and exclusively breastfed infants.

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