Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids, 20 March 2018, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.plefa.2018.03.003
- Polyunsaturated fatty acid blood levels have predictive power for disease outcomes.
- Both the Omega-3 Index and the n6:n3 ratio have been used to express PUFA status.
- The n6:n3 ratio has become scientifically out-dated.
- The Omega-3 Index, because if included EPA and DHA only, is a preferred metric.
The well-known health effects of the long-chain, marine omega-3 (n-3) fatty acids (FAs) has led to a growing interest in the prognostic value that blood levels of these FAs might have vis-à-vis cardiovascular and neurocognitive diseases. The measurement and expression of n-3 FA levels is not straight-forward, however, and a wide variety of means of expression of n-3 FA status have been used in research and clinical medicine. This has led to considerable confusion as to what “optimal” n-3 FA status is. The n-6:n-3 ratio has enjoyed relatively widespread use, but this apparently simple metric has both theoretical and practical difficulties that have contributed to misunderstandings in this field. Just as the once-popular polyunsaturated:saturated FA ratio has largely disappeared from the nutritional and medical literature, it may be time to replace the n-6:n-3 ratio with a newer metric that focuses on the primary deficiency in Western diets – the lack of eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acids (EPA and DHA). The Omega-3 Index (red blood cell EPA+DHA) has much to recommend it in this regard.
Note: Omega-3 Index cannot get very high (>7) if there is too much Omega-6
Note: Current target for Omega-3 = 8. Japan considers target= 10
- Some Omega-3 index references
- Omega-3 – Chart of index vs ratio by GrassrootsHealth – Sept 2019
- Omega-3 index - good level needed 2.4 grams of regular Omega-3 - Grassroots Nov 2018
- Higher Omega-3 index (4 to 8 percent) associated with 30 percent less risk of coronary disease (10 studies) July 2017
- Depression after childbirth 5 X less likely if good Omega-3 index – April 2019
- Omega-3 index of 6 to 7 associated with best cognition in this study – Nov 2019
- Omega-3 index of 5 greatly decreases the risk of an early preterm birth – Dec 2018
- Predicting the effects of supplemental EPA and DHA on the omega-3 index Aug 2019 doi: 10.1093/ajcn/nqz161.
- 2 grams/day, 14 trials, average 14 weeks Index 4.9% ==> 8.1%
- Omega-3 index replaces the Omega-6 to Omega-3 ratio – March 2018
- No NCAA player had a healthy Omega-3 index – Jan 2019
- NCAA trainers do not appear to have gotten on board the Omega-3 train yet
- NCAA trainers are getting on board the Vitamin D train (40-50 ng)– Nov 2019
Vitamin D and Omega-3 category starts with
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