Obesity Science & Practice Volume 0, Issue 0, published: 30 March 2018, https://doi.org/10.1002/osp4.167
I. Iwuchukwu N. Mahale J. Ryder B. Hsieh B. Jennings D. Nguyen K. Cornwell R. Beyl J. Zabaleta M. Sothern
1) Stroke and low Vitamin D
2) Overview Obesity and Vitamin D contains the following summary
- FACT: People who are obese have less vitamin D in their blood
- FACT: Obese need a higher dose of vitamin D to get to the same level of vit D
- FACT: When obese people lose weight the vitamin D level in their blood increases
- FACT: Adding Calcium, perhaps in the form of fortified milk, often reduces weight
- FACT: 126 trials for vitamin D intervention of obesity as of Dec 2017
- FACT: Less weight gain by senior women with > 30 ng of vitamin D
- FACT: Dieters lost additional 5 lbs if vitamin D supplementation got them above 32 ng - RCT
- FACT: Those with darker skins were more likely to be obese Sept 2014
- SUGGESTION: Probably need more than 4,000 IU to lose weight if very low on vitamin D due to
risk factors such as overweight, age, dark skin, live far from equator,shut-in, etc.
- Obesity category has
- Normal weight Obese (50 ng = 125 nanomole)
Click here for 2014 study
3) Black and low Vitamin D
- Do blacks have a 5 year life penalty due to low vitamin D
- Blacks are more obese, have lower Vitamin D, and have more Cancer etc. than whites – Feb 2018
- Bibliography of Black-White health disparities linked to vitamin D - Dr. Grant March 2017
Overview Dark Skin and Vitamin D contains the following summary
FACT - - People with dark skins have more health problems and higher mortality rate than those with light skins
FACT - - People with dark skins have low levels of vitamin D
FACT - - People with light skins who have low vitamin D have health problems
OBSERVATION - - The health problems of whites with low level of vitamin D are similar to those with dark skins
CONCLUSION - - People with dark skins have more health problems due to low levels of vitamin D
Objective: This study was conducted to determine the role of obesity and race in intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH) outcomes.
The Get with the guideline‐Stroke database was queried for all admitted patients with spontaneous ICH. Secondary causes of ICH were excluded. Body mass index (BMI) was classified using the Center for Disease Control guidelines. Race was classified as White or non‐White. Demographics, clinical, imaging data were retrieved. Outcome measures were hematoma expansion at 24 h and discharge disposition.
A total of 428 patients were included in our analysis. Female gender, past history of congestive heart failure, diabetes mellitus, HbA1c, blood pressure, ICH volume, ICH location, intraventricular haemorrhage and hospital length of stay deferred across BMI categories. On multivariate analysis, along with obese categories, age, ICH location and ICH volume were independent predictors of poor outcomes (hematoma expansion and poor discharge disposition). After adjusting for these variables, obesity remained a predictor of poor disposition outcome compared with normal and overweight subjects; Normal vs. Obese OR 0.26 CI 0.115–0.593 p = 0.0014; Obese vs. Overweight OR 3.79 CI 1.68–8.52 p = 0.0013. Nonetheless, obesity did not influence hematoma expansion. Overall, BMI‐race classification did not influence outcomes. However, among non‐Whites, the obese category had higher odds of a poor disposition outcome than normal (OR 6.84 CI 2.12–22.22 p = 0.0013) or overweight (OR 8.45 CI 2.6–27.49 p = 0.0004) categories.
An obesity paradox in ICH was not observed in our cohort. In the non‐White population, patients with obesity were likely to be associated with poor disposition outcome. Similar findings were not observed in White population.
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