Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 2016 Nov 12. doi: 10.1111/cen.13281. Epub ahead of print
Murthi P1,2, Davies-Tuck M2,3, Lappas M4, Singh H2, Mockler J2,3, Rahman R2,3, Lim R2, Leaw B2, Doery J5, Wallace EM2,3, Ebeling PR1.
Items in both categories Cognition and Pregnancy are listed here:
- Seafood (Omega-3) during pregnancy increased childhood IQ by 8 points – review Dec 2019
- IQ 4 points lower in male children if fluoridated water while pregnant (perhaps Magnesium) – Aug 2019
- Little sun in first trimester, 2.9 X more likely to have learning disabilities – June 2019
- Conception in winter increases rate of Autism, learning disabilities, dyslexia – Oct 2016
- Omega-3, Vitamin D, Folic acid etc. during pregnancy and subsequent mental illness of child – March 2018
- Supplementation while pregnant and psychotic – 20 percent Omega-3, 6 percent Vitamin D – June 2016
- Preeclampsia doubles the risk of mild cognitive impairment – July 2017
- More maternal vitamin D increases child cognition (petri dish, serotonin) – Nov 2016
- All pregnant women (in UK) should have free vitamin D – Gillie Aug 2015
- Schizophrenia increased 40 percent for Spring births after Danes stopped vitamin D fortification – April 2014
Pregnancy category starts with
- see also
- Overview Pregnancy and vitamin D
- Number of articles in both categories of Pregnancy and:
25 ; Depression 17 ; Diabetes 39 ; Obesity 11 ; Hypertension 35 ; Breathing 29 ; Omega-3 30 ; Vitamin D Receptor 18
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- Healthy pregnancies need lots of vitamin D
- Ensure a healthy pregnancy and baby - take Vitamin D before conception
Healthy pregnancies need lots of vitamin D has the following summaryProblem
Reduces Evidence 0. Chance of not conceiving 3.4 times Observe 1. Miscarriage 2.5 times Observe 2. Pre-eclampsia 3.6 times RCT 3. Gestational Diabetes 3 times RCT 4. Good 2nd trimester sleep quality 3.5 times Observe 5. Premature birth 2 times RCT 6. C-section - unplanned 1.6 times Observe Stillbirth - OMEGA-3 4 times RCT - Omega-3 7. Depression AFTER pregnancy 1.4 times RCT 8. Small for Gestational Age 1.6 times meta-analysis 9. Infant height, weight, head size
within normal limits
RCT 10. Childhood Wheezing 1.3 times RCT 11. Additional child is Autistic 4 times Intervention 12.Young adult Multiple Sclerosis 1.9 times Observe 13. Preeclampsia in young adult 3.5 times RCT 14. Good motor skills @ age 3 1.4 times Observe 15. Childhood Mite allergy 5 times RCT 16. Childhood Respiratory Tract visits 2.5 times RCT
RCT = Randomized Controlled Trial
1Department of Medicine, School of Clinical Sciences, Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.
2The Ritchie Centre, Hudson Institute of Medical Research, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.
3Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, School of Clinical Sciences, Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.
4Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Melbourne, and the Mercy Hospital for Women, Heidelberg, VIC, Australia.
5Monash Pathology, Monash Health, Clayton, VIC, Australia.
Maternal vitamin D deficiency during pregnancy has been linked to impaired neurocognitive development in childhood. The mechanism by which vitamin D affects childhood neurocognition is unclear but may be via interactions with serotonin, a neurotransmitter involved in fetal brain development. In this study we aimed to explore associations between maternal and fetal vitamin D concentrations, and fetal serotonin concentrations at term.
STUDY DESIGN AND MEASUREMENTS:
Serum 25-hydroxyitamin D (25(OH)D, nmol/L) and serotonin (5-HT, nmol/L) concentrations were measured in maternal and umbilical cord blood from mother-infant pairs (n=64). Association between maternal 25(OH)D, cord 25(OH)D and cord serotonin was explored using linear regression, before and after adjusting for maternal serotonin levels. We also assessed the effects of siRNA knockdown of the vitamin D receptor (VDR) and administration of 10nM 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 on serotonin secretion in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) in vitro.
We observed an inverse relationship between both maternal and cord 25(OH)D concentrations with cord serotonin concentrations. The treatment of HUVECs with 1,25- dihydroxyvitamin D3 in vitro decreased the release of serotonin (193·9±14·8 nmol/L vs. 458·9±317·5 nmol/L, control, p<0·05). Conversely, inactivation of VDR increased serotonin release in cultured HUVECs.
These observations provide the first evidence of an inverse relationship between maternal 25(OH)D and fetal serotonin concentrations. We propose that maternal vitamin D deficiency increases fetal serotonin concentrations and thereby contributes to longer-term neurocognitive impairment in infants and children. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
PMID: 27862146 DOI: 10.1111/cen.13281 Publisher rents PDF for $6More maternal vitamin D increases child cognition (petri dish, serotonin) – Nov 2016
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- All items in category Infant/Child