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More dental caries in children who have less than 30 ng of Vitamin D – Review Sept 2020

Prenatal or Childhood Serum Levels of Vitamin D and Dental Caries in Paediatric Patients: A Systematic Review.

Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry, 03 Sep 2020, 18(1):653-667, DOI: 10.3290/j.ohpd.a45089
Carvalho Silva C, Mendes R, Manso MDC, Gavinha S, Melo P

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PURPOSE:To assess the association between low prenatal or childhood levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH) D) and dental caries experience in children. MATERIALS AND

METHODS:PubMed, B-On, Web of Science, Scopus, and Cochrane Library databases were searched. The inclusion criteria were randomised controlled trials, cohort and cross-sectional studies published between 1998 and 2019; caries outcomes expressed as prevalence or based on the decayed missing and filled index for primary and permanent teeth/surfaces; and vitamin D levels assessed by laboratory analysis. Two authors independently selected studies, collected data, and assessed risk of bias. The quality of the studies was also assessed. A narrative synthesis of the studies was performed without quantitative pooling of data due to clinical and methodological heterogeneity.

RESULTS:Out of 399 studies identified, 13 were included in the data synthesis. Even though many of the included studies had a cross-sectional design, 11 were considered high quality. The studies indicated that vitamin D has an important role in caries experience, but also revealed that vitamin D levels equal to or above 75 nmol/l seem to be more closely related to caries experience than the reference value of the Institute of Medicine.

CONCLUSION:Evidence of an association exists between low 25(OH) D levels (<75 nmol/l) and caries experience in children. Hence, low vitamin D levels should be considered a potential factor associated with caries in children. Clinicians should be aware that good prenatal nutrition and early childhood diet might influence caries experience.


Created by admin. Last Modification: Saturday January 2, 2021 16:31:09 GMT-0000 by admin. (Version 3)

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