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Virtually all infants in Poland got 400 IU of Vitamin D daily (not enough, non-daily is better) – April 2021

Association of parental-reported vitamin D supplementation with dental caries of 3-year-old children in Poland: a cross-sectional study

Clinical Oral Investigations (2021) https://doi.org/10.1007/s00784-021-03914-8
Dorota Olczak-Kowalczyk, Urszula Kaczmarek, Dariusz Gozdowski & Anna Turska-Szybka


400 IU daily for infants (is enough to prevent rickets)

600 IU daily for infants

1,000 IU for infants

1600 IU for infants

2,000 IU for infants

Non-daily Vitamin D is as good or better


Infant-Child category has 662 items and has

Getting Vitamin D into infants
Many infants reject vitamin D drops, even when put on nipple
I speculate that the rejection is due to one or more of: additives, taste, and oils.
Infants have a hard time digesting oils, 1999  1997   and palm oils W.A. Price 1 2 3
Coconut oil, such as in D-Drops, is digested by infants. 1,   2   3
Bio-Tech Pharmacal Vitamin D has NO additves, taste, nor oil
One capsule of 50,000 Bio-Tech Pharmacal Vitamin D could be stirred into monthly formula or given once a month
   this would result in ~1,600 IUs per day for infant, and higher dose with weight/age/formula consumption

Note: This survey found that children in Poland often only get Vitamin D supplments in the winter

 Download the PDF from VitaminDWiki

The study aimed to assess the association between parental-reported vitamin D supplementation and caries in a national sample of 3-year-olds in Poland.

Materials and methods
A total of 1900 children, representing all provinces of Poland, were invited. The questionnaires concerned vitamin D supplementation, socio-demographics, and oral health behaviours. Based on dental examination, caries scores (dmft/dmfs), prevalence of early childhood caries (ECC) and severe ECC (S-ECC) were calculated. The Spearman’s correlation, linear regression and logistic regression were used to assess the association between various factors and caries (p < 0.05).

A total of 1638 children were tested. Of this number, 99.1% infants were supplemented with vitamin D. Supplementation had been continued seasonally in 55.2% children. ECC/S-ECC prevalence were significantly lower in children receiving vitamin D (ECC 38.3% vs. 44.7%, OR = 0.77; S-ECC 20.5% vs. 27.1%, OR = 0.69; p < 0.05). Mean dmft/dmfs were lower in those with supplementation (1.54 ± 2.72 vs. 2.24 ± 3.55; 2.40 ± 5.56 vs. 3.72 ± 7.56, respectively; p < 0.001). After controlling for confounding factors, supplementation was not significantly associated with caries; only dt/ds were still associated. Maternal education, sweetened beverages before bedtime, bottle use were significantly associated with S-ECC.

Lower caries prevalence was observed in those with vitamin D supplementation. The association between parental-reported vitamin D and ECC/S-ECC was not significant in Polish children. Decayed teeth and supplementation were still associated. Dietary habits can modify the association with caries.

Clinical relevance
There may be an association between vitamin D supplementation and lower caries in children. Parents should supplement their children during periods of significant growth and development.

Created by admin. Last Modification: Tuesday June 29, 2021 17:32:52 GMT-0000 by admin. (Version 3)

Attached files

ID Name Comment Uploaded Size Downloads
15839 Parents children teeth Poland.pdf PDF 2021 admin 29 Jun, 2021 17:28 327.65 Kb 27
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