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Macular Degeneration (AMD) antioxidants treated by Vitamin D in the lab – Aug 2019

Vitamin D Attenuates Oxidative Damage and Inflammation in Retinal Pigment Epithelial Cells

Ali Mohammad Tohari 1,2, Reem Hasaballah Alhasani 2, Lincoln Biswas 2, Sarita Rani Patnaik 2, James Reilly 2, Zhihong Zeng 3,* and Xinhua Shu 2,4,

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Age-related macular degeneration (AMD), the most common visual disorder in elderly people, is characterized by the formation of deposits beneath the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) and by dysfunction of RPE and photoreceptor cells. The biologically active form of vitamin D, 1,25-(OH)2D3 (VITD), is categorized as a multifunctional steroid hormone that modulates many transcriptional processes of different genes and is involved in a broad range of cellular functions. Epidemiological and genetic association studies demonstrate that VITD may have a protective role in AMD, while single nucleotide polymorphisms in the vitamin D metabolism gene (CYP24A1) increase the risk of AMD. However, the functional mechanisms of VITD in AMD are not fully understood. In the current study, we investigated the impact of VITD on H2O2-induced oxidative stress and inflammation in human RPE cells. We demonstrate that exposure to H2O2 caused significantly reduced cell viability, increased production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), lowered expression of antioxidant enzymes and enhanced inflammation. VITD exposure notably counteracted the above H2O2-induced effects. Our data suggest that VITD protects the RPE from oxidative damage and elucidate molecular mechanisms of VITD deficiency in the development of AMD.

Created by admin. Last Modification: Saturday August 24, 2019 13:08:12 GMT-0000 by admin. (Version 3)

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12541 AMD lab 2019.pdf PDF 2019 admin 24 Aug, 2019 11:53 717.79 Kb 280
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