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Higher risk of pulmonary tuberculosis if any of 3 vitamin D genes are poor – April 2021

Association of vitamin D pathway genes polymorphisms with pulmonary tuberculosis susceptibility in a Chinese population

Genes & Nutrition volume 16, Article number: 6 (2021) https://doi.org/10.1186/s12263-021-00687-3
Tian-Ping Zhang, Shuang-Shuang Chen, Gen-You Zhang, Si-Jiu Shi, Li Wei & Hong-Miao Li

VitaminDWiki

Low vitamin D in the blood is probably more important than poor genes


Genetics category listing contains the following

281 articles in the Genetics category

see also

Vitamin D blood test misses a lot
Blood Test Misses a lot (VDW 3439)

  • Snapshot of the literature by VitaminDWiki as of early 2019
  • Vitamin D from coming from tissues (vs blood) was speculated to be 50% in 2014, and by 2017 was speculated to be 90%
  • Note: Good blood test results (> 40 ng) does not mean that a good amount of Vitamin D actually gets to cells
  • A Vitamin D test in cells rather than blood was feasible (2017 personal communication)
  •    Commercially available 2019
    • However test results would vary in each tissue due to multiple genes
  • Good clues that Vitamin D is being restricted from getting to the cells
    1) A vitamin D-related health problem runs in the family
    2) Slightly increasing Vitamin D show benefits (even if conventional Vitamin D test shows an increase)
    3) Vitamin D Receptor test (<$30) scores are difficult to understand in 2016
    • easier to understand the VDR 23andMe test results analyzed by FoundMyFitness in 2018

    4) Back Pain

This study failed to consider the Vitamin D Receptor gene

TB and Vitamin D Receptor gene in VitaminDWiki

 Download the PDF from VitaminDWiki

Objective
This study aimed to evaluate the association of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of vitamin D metabolic pathway genes with susceptibility to pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB).

Methods
Nine hundred seventy-nine patients (490 PTB cases and 489 healthy controls) were included in this study. Seventeen SNPs of vitamin D metabolic pathway genes, including CYP24A1, CYP27A1, CYP27B1, CYP2R1, GC, and DHCR7, were genotyped with improved multiple ligase detection reaction (iMLDR).

Results
The GC rs3733359 GA, rs16847024 CT genotypes were significantly associated with the reduced risk of PTB, and the rs3733359 A, rs16847024 T alleles were also associated with the decreased PTB susceptibility. The GT genotype of GC rs4588 variant was significantly higher in patients with PTB when compared to controls. Moreover, the increased risk of rs3733359 and rs16847024 variants, and a decreased risk of rs4588, were found under the dominant mode among the PTB patients. However, there was no significant relationship of CYP24A1, CYP27A1, CYP27B1, CYP2R1, and DHCR7 polymorphisms with the risk of PTB. In CYP27A1, the rs17470271 T and rs933994 T alleles were significantly associated with leukopenia, drug resistance in the PTB patients, respectively. In GC gene, the rs7041 and rs3733359 variants were found to be associated with pulmonary infection, fever in the PTB patients, respectively. The increased frequency of rs16847024 TT genotype was found in the PTB patients with fever and drug-induced liver damage. DHCR7 rs12785878 TT genotype, and T allele frequencies were both significantly associated with pulmonary infection in the PTB patients. The haplotype analysis showed that CYP24A1 TACT, CYP2R1 GGCT, GGAT, GC AATG haplotypes were related to PTB susceptibility.

Conclusion
Our study suggested that GC SNPs were associated with the genetic background of PTB. CYP27A1, GC, and DHCR7 genetic variations might contribute to several clinical phenotypes of PTB in Chinese.


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