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Pulmonary Tuberculosis 2X more likely if poor Vitamin D Receptor (Mexico) – April 2018

Association between Vitamin D receptor gene polymorphisms and pulmonary tuberculosis in a Mexican population

Indian Journal of Tuberculosis, online 13 April 2018, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijtb.2018.04.005
Beatriz Silva-Ramíreza, , , Cyntia A. Saenz-Saenza, Leonardo A. Bracho-Velaa, Katia Peñuelas-Urquidesb, Viviana Mata-Tijerinac, Brenda L. Escobedo-Guajardoc, Nelly R. González-Ríosc,

VitaminDWiki

Note: 29.6% of Mexican TB patients had the poor VDR gene

Items in both categories TB and VDR are listed here:


Vitamin D Receptor category has the following

228 items in Vitamin D Receptor category

Vitamin D tests cannot detect Vitamin D Receptor (VDR) problems
A poor VDR restricts Vitamin D from getting in the cells

A poor VDR increases the risk of 45 health problems  click here for details

VDR at-home test $29 - results not easily understood in 2016
There are hints that you may have inherited a poor VDR
You can compensate for poor VDR by increasing one or more of the following:

IncreasingIncreases
1) Vitamin D supplement
  Sun, Ultraviolet -B
Vitamin D in the blood
and thus to the cells
2) MagnesiumVitamin D in the blood
 AND to the cells
3) Omega-3 Vitamin D to the cells
4) Resveratrol Vitamin D to the cells
5) Intense exercise Vitamin D Receptor
6) Get prescription for VDR activator
   paricalcitol, maxacalcitol?
Vitamin D Receptor
7) Quercetin (flavonoid) Vitamin D Receptor
8) Zinc is in the VDR
Costs less than 1 cent per day
Vitamin D Receptor


See chart at the bottom of VDR page for Magnesium, Omega-3 and Resveratrol

If poor Vitamin D Receptor

Risk
increase
Health Problem
28Leprosy
13Sepsis
9.6Chronic Periodontitis
   and smoke
8Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis
7.6Crohn's disease
7.5Respiratory Tract Infections
5.8Low back pain in athletes
5Ulcerative Colitis
5Coronary Artery Disease
4.6Breast Cancer
4.1Vitiligo
4polycystic ovary syndrome
3.6 Pneumonia - children
3.3 Pre-term birth
3.1 Colon Cancer survival
3 Multiple Sclerosis
3Dengue
3 Waist size
3 Ischemic Stroke
3Alzheimer’s
2.8Osteoporosis & COPD
2.7Gastric Cancer
2.6Lupus in children
2.5 Lumbar Disc Degeneration
2.4Lung Cancer
2.3Autism
2.2Juvenile idiopathic arthritis
2.1Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis in Asians
2Diabetic Retinopathy
2Parkinson's
2 Wheezing/Asthma
2 Melanoma   Non-melanoma Skin Cancers
2Myopia
1.9Uterine Fibroids
1.9Early tooth decay
1.8Diabetic nephropathy
1.6Diabetes - Type I
1.6Prostate Cancer while black
1.5 Diabetes -Type II
1.5Pertusus
1.5Obesity
1.4 Rheumatoid arthritis
1.3Childhood asthma
1.3Tuberculosis


Highlights
• Genetic variations are relevant in modulating susceptibility to PTB.
• We studied the association between polymorphic VDR and PTB in a Mexican population.
• The CC genotype of FokI increased susceptibility to PTB.

Background and Aims
The impact of host genetic variation in susceptibility of tuberculosis is well documented. The Vitamin D receptor gene (VDR) is a transacting transcription factor which mediates innate immune response by enhancing the expression of several antimicrobial peptides, including cathelicidin. An association between VDR polymorphisms with tuberculosis (TB) has been investigated in different ethnic groups; however there are contradictions and inconsistencies in the results. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between polymorphisms of functional VDR with the susceptibility to pulmonary tuberculosis in a Mexican population.

Methods
A case control study was performed in, 257 patients with pulmonary tuberculosis and 457 healthy controls recruited from: family medicine clinics of the Mexican Social Security Institute. The VDR gene polymorphisms Fok I (rs 2228570), BsmI (rs1544410), ApaI (rs7975232) and TaqI (rs731236) were genotyped by TaqMan assays. Statistical analysis was performed using: Epi Info V-7 and SNP Stats software.

Results
No statistically significant associations were observed in genotype and haplotype distribution between BsmI, ApaI and TaqI polymorphisms and disease susceptibility. The CC genotype for the VDR gene FokI was significantly more frequent in patients than in controls (29.6% versus 17.5%, OR = 1.97; 95% CI = 1.37-2.8, PC = 0.0004). Moreover, TT genotype was decreased in patients as compared to the control group (24.1% versus 34.8%, OR = 0.59; 95% CI = 0.42-0.84, PC = 0.004).

Conclusion
To our best knowledge, this is the first case-control study that finds an association between CC genotype of FokI SNP in the VDR gene with pulmonary tuberculosis in Mexican patients. However more validation studies should be performed to prove our conclusions.

Created by admin. Last Modification: Saturday April 14, 2018 11:06:05 UTC by admin. (Version 4)
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