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Increased incidence of depression – perhaps due to lower vitamin D

Increasing prevalence of depression from 2000 to 2006

  • Scand J Public Health December 2011 vol. 39 no. 8 857-863
    Depression is the leading cause of disability and is projected to become the second highest burden of disease (measured in disability-adjusted life years) by 2020
    Danes: The prevalence of The prevalence of major depressive disorder (MDD) increased from 2.0% to 4.9% during 2000–06

Global Depression Statistics Science Daily


July 26, 2011 — Depression affects 121 million people worldwide. In can affect a person's ability to work, form relationships, and destroy their quality of life. At its most severe depression can lead to suicide and is responsible for 850,000 deaths every year. New research published in BioMed Central's open access journal BMC Medicine compares social conditions with depression in 18 countries across the world.

In conjunction with the World Health Organization World Mental Health (WMH) Survey Initiative, researchers from 20 centers collaborated to investigate the prevalence of depression around the globe. To be classified as having had a Major Depressive Episode (MDE) a person was additionally required to fulfill five out of nine criteria including sadness, loss of interest or pleasure, feelings of guilt or low self-worth, disturbed sleep or appetite, low energy and poor concentration.

Based on detailed interviews with over 89,000 people, the results showed that 15% of the population from high-income countries (compared to 11% for low/middle-income countries) were likely to get depression over their lifetime with 5.5% having had depression in the last year. MDE were elevated in high-income countries (28% compared to 20%) and were especially high (over 30%) in France, the Netherlands, and America. The country with the lowest incidence was China at 12% but, in contrast, MDE were very common in India (at almost 36%).

Some aspects were cross cultural — women were twice as likely to suffer depression as men and the loss of a partner, whether from death, divorce or separation, was a main contributing factor. However the contribution of age varied from country to country. Age of onset of depression was almost two years earlier in low income countries and, while the amount of difficulty a person had with aspects of their life increased with depression and how recent their last attack was, it was more apparent in people from high income countries.

Prof Evelyn Bromet from State University of New York at Stony Brook said, "This is the first study which uses a standardized method to compare depression and MDE across countries and cultures. We have shown that depression is a significant public-health concern across all regions of the world and is strongly linked to social conditions. Understanding the patterns and causes of depression can help global initiatives in reducing the impact of depression on individual lives and in reducing the burden to society.”
PDF is attached at the bottom of this page


Changes in the Prevalence of Major Depression and Comorbid Substance Use Disorders in the United States Between 1991–1992 and 2001–2002

  • From 1991–1992 to 2001–2002, the prevalence of major depression among U.S. adults increased from 3.33% to 7.06%. Increases were statistically significant for whites, blacks, and Hispanics and for all age groups.
    PDF is attached at the bottom of this page

The increasing burden of depression 2006

  • The mortality risk for suicide in depressed patients is more than 20-fold greater than in the general population.
    Worldwide projections by the World Health Organization for the year 2030 identify unipolar
    major depression as the leading cause of disease burden.
    PDF is attached at the bottom of this page

Depression is the 2nd largest cause of disability in seniors around the world

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Mental Health Disorders Now Leading Cause of Non-Fatal Illness Worldwide Mercola Sept 2013

  • one in 10 American adults report some form of depression.
  • Eleven percent of the US population over the age of 12 is on antidepressant medication.
  • 2010 US government survey in which 1 in 10 American children was found to have attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)—a 22 percent increase from 2003.

Suicide Epidemic Newsweek May 2013

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Opposing data: suicide rate for US blacks is less than for whites

from American Society for Suicide Prevention
Reminder: Dark skinned people tend to have lower levels of vitamin D, so dark skinned African-Americans should have higher suicide rate than whites
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More US veterans will soon have died of suicide than the names on the Vietnam wall

58,261 published Dec 2012

  • Note Right now, if a person gets shot or blown up on the battlefield there is roughly a 90% chance they will make it home alive no matter how serious their injuries. . .

See also VitaminDWiki

See also web

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Misc

  • Suicide rates peak in the spring (when people have the lowest levels of vitamin D)

Attached files

ID Name Comment Uploaded Size Downloads
3028 Suicide vs race.jpg admin 23 Sep, 2013 11:14 38.34 Kb 2246
3027 Suicide bigger than.jpg admin 23 Sep, 2013 10:55 54.36 Kb 1239
2993 Suicide rate.jpg admin 13 Sep, 2013 03:18 120.12 Kb 1783
2992 YLD heat map 60 years top 2.jpg admin 13 Sep, 2013 01:36 36.05 Kb 943
2991 Depression cross-national.pdf admin 12 Sep, 2013 23:42 308.73 Kb 579
2990 Increasing burden of depression.pdf admin 12 Sep, 2013 23:41 125.05 Kb 671
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