Journal of Cardiac Failure DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cardfail.2014.01.019
Rebecca S. Boxer, MD, MS MD, MS Rebecca S. MD, MS Rebecca S. Boxer, Brian D. Hoit, MD, Brian J. Schmotzer, MS, Gregory T. Stefano, MD, Amanda Gomes, MSc, MD, Lavinia Negrea, MD
- Cardiovascular events – need more than monthly 60,000 IU vitamin D to prevent other than infarction – June 2023
- Monthly vitamin D helped hearts with low vitamin D a bit (need it more frequently) – RCT March 2022
- 50,000 IU of vitamin D weekly following cardiac failure helps – RCT 2014
- Getting Vitamin D before heart surgery prevented Afib in those who had been deficient – July 2018
- 50,000 IU of Vitamin D weekly for 9 weeks did not improve CVD – Aug 2018
- Cardiovascular risk markers not helped by 20,000 IU of vitamin D weekly – RCT May 2018
- Hypertension not controlled by 26 ng of Vitamin D (50,000 IU bi-weekly A-A) – RCT Nov 2017
- Angina dramatically reduced by injections of vitamin D twice a month (300,000 IU) – Jan 2015
Cardiovascular category starts with the following
Cardiovascular category is associated with other categories: Diabetes 31, Omega-3 31 , Vitamin K 25 , Intervention 22 . Mortality 20 , Skin - Dark 18 , Magnesium 17 , Calcium 14 , Hypertension 14 , Trauma and surgery 13 , Stroke 13 , Kidney 12 , Metabolic Syndrome 11 , Seniors 10 , Pregnancy 8 as of Aug 2022
- Overview Cardiovascular and vitamin D
- Cardiovascular Disease is treated by Vitamin D - many studies
- Coronary Artery Disease and Vitamin D - many studies 18+
- Arteries and Atherosclerosis and Vitamin D - many studies 71+
- Atrial Fibrillation decreased by Vitamin D or Magnesium - many studies 26+
- Statins and Vitamin D - many studies
- Arterial Stiffness and Vitamins – only Vitamin D was found to help – meta-analysis Feb 2022
- Those raising Vitamin D above 30 ng were 1.4 X less likely to die of Heart Attack (VA 19 years) – Oct 2021
- Giving free vitamin D to every Iranian would pay for itself by just reducing CVD – Oct 2021
- Sudden Cardiac Arrest – 2.8 X higher risk if low vitamin D – 2019
- Peripheral arterial disease risk is 1.5X higher if low vitamin D – meta-analysis March 2018
- Heart attack ICU costs cut in half by Vitamin D – Oct 2018
- Cardiovascular disease 2.3 X more-likely if poor Vitamin D Receptor – Aug 2022
- Cholesterol is needed to produce both Vitamin D and Cortisol
- Overview Cholesterol and vitamin D
- Statins and Vitamin D - many studies statins often reduce levels of vitamin D
- Statin side-effects are reduced by Vitamin D – US patent Application – April 2019
Background: Vitamin D deficiency is associated with heart failure (HF) events, and in animal models vitamin D down-regulates renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system hormones.
Methods: Patients with New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional class II–IV HF and a 25OH-D level ≤37.5 ng/mL received 50,000 IU vitamin D3 weekly (n = 31) or placebo (n = 33) for 6 months. Serum aldosterone, renin, echocardiography, and health status were determined at baseline and 6 months.
Mean age of participants was 65.9 ± 10.4 years, 48% were women, 64% were African American, mean ejection fraction was 37.6 ± 13.9%, 36% were in NYHA functional class III, and 64% were in class II. The vitamin D group increased serum 25OH-D (19.1 ± 9.3 to 61.7 ± 20.3 ng/mL) and the placebo group did not (17.8 ± 9.0 to 17.4 ± 9.8 ng/mL).
Aldosterone decreased in the vitamin D group (10.0 ± 11.9 to 6.2 ± 11.6 ng/dL) and not in the placebo group (8.9 ± 8.6 to 9.0 ± 12.4 ng/dL; P = .02). There was no difference between groups in renin, echocardiographic measures, or health status from baseline to 6 months. Modeling indicated that variables which predicted change in aldosterone included receiving vitamin D, increasing age, African American race, and lower glomerular filtration rate.
Vitamin D3 repletion decreases aldosterone in patients with HF and low serum vitamin D. Vitamin D may be an important adjunct to standard HF therapy. Further study will assess if vitamin D provides long-term benefit for patients with HF.
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