Journal of Cardiac Failure DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cardfail.2014.01.019
Rebecca S. Boxer, MD, MS MD, MS Rebecca S. MD, MS Rebecca S. Boxer, Brian D. Hoit, MD, Brian J. Schmotzer, MS, Gregory T. Stefano, MD, Amanda Gomes, MSc, MD, Lavinia Negrea, MD
- 50,000 IU of vitamin D weekly following cardiac failure helps – RCT 2014
- Getting Vitamin D before heart surgery prevented Afib in those who had been deficient – July 2018
- 50,000 IU of Vitamin D for 9 weeks was enough to restore blood levels (but not long enough to statistically improve CVD) – Aug 2018
- Cardiovascular risk markers not helped by 20,000 IU of vitamin D weekly – RCT May 2018
- Hypertension not controlled by 26 ng of Vitamin D (50,000 IU bi-weekly A-A) – RCT Nov 2017
- Angina dramatically reduced by injections of vitamin D twice a month (300,000 IU) – Jan 2015
Cardiovascular category starts with the following
- Overview Cardiovascular and vitamin D
- Hypertension and vitamin D
- Overview Metabolic Syndrome and vitamin D
- Overview Stroke and vitamin D
- Peripheral arterial disease risk is 1.5X higher if low vitamin D – meta-analysis March 2018
- Peripheral Arterial Disease 3.7 X more likely in diabetics with low vitamin D – June 2019
- Heart attack ICU costs cut in half by Vitamin D – Oct 2018
- Heart Failure and Vitamin D meta-analyses - 2016, 2019
- Cardiovascular death 1.5X more likely if less than 20 ng of Vitamin D – 22nd meta-analysis Nov 2019
- Vitamin D supplementation reduces many Cardiovascular Disease markers– meta-analysis July 2018
- Cardiovascular Prevention with Omega-3 (finally using high doses) – Sept 2019
- Higher Omega-3 index (4 to 8 percent) associated with 30 percent less risk of coronary disease (10 studies) July 2017
A poor Vitamin D Receptor can block Vitamin D in blood from getting to tissues
- Heart Failure 15X more likely if poor VDR, even if good level of vitamin D (China) – March 2019
- Coronary Artery Disease without diabetes 5 times more likely if VDR gene problems – meta-analysis May 2016
- Cholesterol is needed to produce both Vitamin D and Cortisol
- Overview Cholesterol and vitamin D
- Statins and vitamin D statins often reduce levels of vitamin D
- Statin side-effects are reduced by Vitamin D – US patent Application – April 2019
Background: Vitamin D deficiency is associated with heart failure (HF) events, and in animal models vitamin D down-regulates renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system hormones.
Methods: Patients with New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional class II–IV HF and a 25OH-D level ≤37.5 ng/mL received 50,000 IU vitamin D3 weekly (n = 31) or placebo (n = 33) for 6 months. Serum aldosterone, renin, echocardiography, and health status were determined at baseline and 6 months.
Mean age of participants was 65.9 ± 10.4 years, 48% were women, 64% were African American, mean ejection fraction was 37.6 ± 13.9%, 36% were in NYHA functional class III, and 64% were in class II. The vitamin D group increased serum 25OH-D (19.1 ± 9.3 to 61.7 ± 20.3 ng/mL) and the placebo group did not (17.8 ± 9.0 to 17.4 ± 9.8 ng/mL).
Aldosterone decreased in the vitamin D group (10.0 ± 11.9 to 6.2 ± 11.6 ng/dL) and not in the placebo group (8.9 ± 8.6 to 9.0 ± 12.4 ng/dL; P = .02). There was no difference between groups in renin, echocardiographic measures, or health status from baseline to 6 months. Modeling indicated that variables which predicted change in aldosterone included receiving vitamin D, increasing age, African American race, and lower glomerular filtration rate.
Vitamin D3 repletion decreases aldosterone in patients with HF and low serum vitamin D. Vitamin D may be an important adjunct to standard HF therapy. Further study will assess if vitamin D provides long-term benefit for patients with HF.