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Abortion 3X higher risk if very low vitamin D – Jan 2016

HIGH PREVALENCE OF VITAMIN D DEFICIENCY AND ADVERSE PREGNANCY OUTCOMES IN YAZD, A CENTRAL PROVINCE OF IRAN

JOURNAL OF REPRODUCTION AND INFERTILITY JAN-MARCH 2016 , Vol 17 , # 1; Page(s) 34 To 38.
ONCHIETTI ROBERTO*, VAKILI MAHMOOD, DEHGHANI REYHANEH, ZARE FATEMEH
*DEPARTMENT OF COMMUNITY AND PREVENTIVE MEDICINE, SCHOOL OF MEDICINE, HAMADAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, HAMADAN, IRAN

66% no problem
9.5% preeclampsia,
6.5% premature rupture of membrane,
9% gestational diabetes
5.5% abortion
3% oligohydramnios,
0.5% polyhydramnios


Background: There is a growing concern about the high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency and its relationship with variety of diseases worldwide. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency and its relationship with pregnancy adverse effects in Yazd.

Methods: This was a cross sectional study conducted among 200 nulliparous women from October 2013 to April 2014. Data containing socio-demographic and personal details, vitamin D level, pregnancy complications and growth situation of newborns were collected and analyzed using Mann-Whitney, Kruskal-Wallis and Pearson’s correlation coefficient by SPSS. p<0.05 was considered statistically significant.

Results: The mean serum 1, 25 (OH)2D3 concentration was 20.3±10.8 mg/l. Totally, 78% of the women had less than sufficient levels. Mean of vitamin D was significantly higher in natural or elective cesarean in comparison with abortion and emergency cesarean (p=0.040). Risk of abortion was 3.1 (1.39-6.8) and higher in severely deficient group in comparison to women with vitamin D deficiency (p=0.017) and mean of vitamin D group was significantly lower in women who had oligohydramnios or polyhydramnios complication (p=0.045).

Conclusion: The study findings revealed that vitamin D deficiency is prevalent in pregnant women and it is significantly associated with elevated risk for abortion, and oligohydramnios or polyhydramnios. Probably, a targeted screening strategy can be suggested to detect and treat women at high risk of vitamin D deficiency in early pregnancy as a simple way to reduce the risk of these adverse pregnancy outcomes in Yazd.

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Healthy pregnancies need lots of vitamin D has the following summary

Problem
ReducesEvidence
0. Chance of not conceiving3.4 times Observe
1. Miscarriage 2.5 times Observe
2. Pre-eclampsia 3.6 timesRCT
3. Gestational Diabetes 3 times RCT
4. Good 2nd trimester sleep quality 3.5 times Observe
5. Premature birth 2 times RCT
6. C-section - unplanned 1.6 timesObserve
     Stillbirth - OMEGA-3 4 timesRCT - Omega-3
7. Depression AFTER pregnancy 1.4 times RCT
8. Small for Gestational Age 1.6 times meta-analysis
9. Infant height, weight, head size
     within normal limits
RCT
10. Childhood Wheezing 1.3 times RCT
11. Additional child is Autistic 4 times Intervention
12.Young adult Multiple Sclerosis 1.9 timesObserve
13. Preeclampsia in young adult 3.5 timesRCT
14. Good motor skills @ age 31.4 times Observe
15. Childhood Mite allergy 5 times RCT
16. Childhood Respiratory Tract visits 2.5 times RCT

RCT = Randomized Controlled Trial

Abortion 3X higher risk if very low vitamin D – Jan 2016        
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