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Smoking while pregnant: are the problems due to low vitamin D – July 2013

There was no mention of vitamin D in the CBS news item

From Smoking when pregnant may lead to behavior problems in kids CBS News July 2013

Highlights: Smoking Increases

  • Miscarriage (known to be associated with low vitamin D)
  • Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) (known to be associated with low vitamin D)
  • mental health problems for children: ADHD, autism (known to be associated with low vitamin D)
  • premature birth, (known to be associated with low vitamin D)
  • cleft lip or palate (excess vitamin A or lack of folic)

See also VitaminDWiki

Healthy pregnancies need lots of vitamin D has the following summary

Problem
ReducesEvidence
0. Chance of not conceiving3.4 times Observe
1. Miscarriage 2.5 times Observe
2. Pre-eclampsia 3.6 timesRCT
3. Gestational Diabetes 3 times RCT
4. Good 2nd trimester sleep quality 3.5 times Observe
5. Premature birth 2 times RCT
6. C-section - unplanned 1.6 timesObserve
     Stillbirth - OMEGA-3 4 timesRCT - Omega-3
7. Depression AFTER pregnancy 1.4 times RCT
8. Small for Gestational Age 1.6 times meta-analysis
9. Infant height, weight, head size
     within normal limits
RCT
10. Childhood Wheezing 1.3 times RCT
11. Additional child is Autistic 4 times Intervention
12.Young adult Multiple Sclerosis 1.9 timesObserve
13. Preeclampsia in young adult 3.5 timesRCT
14. Good motor skills @ age 31.4 times Observe
15. Childhood Mite allergy 5 times RCT
16. Childhood Respiratory Tract visits 2.5 times RCT

RCT = Randomized Controlled Trial

See also web

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