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UVB produced 8X more vitamin D as solar UV – July 2012

Increase in serum 25-hydroxyvitamin-D(3) in humans after solar exposure under natural conditions compared to artificial UVB exposure of hands and face.

Photochem Photobiol Sci. 2012 Jul 31.
Datta P, Bogh MK, Olsen P, Eriksen P, Schmedes AV, Grage MM, Philipsen PA, Wulf HC.
Department of Dermatology, Copenhagen University Hospital, Bispebjerg, Bispebjerg Bakke 23, 2400 Copenhagen, NV, Denmark. Pameli at mail.dk.

Vitamin D studies are often performed under controlled laboratory conditions and the findings may be difficult to translate to natural conditions. We aimed to determine and compare the doses of natural solar ultraviolet radiation (UVR) with doses of artificial UVB radiation of hands and face needed to increase serum 25-hydroxyvitamin-D(3) (25(OH)D). Furthermore, we aimed to investigate the natural course of 25(OH)D due to solar exposure from April to September. 46 Caucasian volunteers were included. 17 volunteers received solar UVR (Group 1) in their natural Danish environment. Individual daily solar UVR doses in standard erythema doses (SEDs) were determined with personal wristwatch UV-dosimeters. 29 volunteers (Group 2) received artificial UVB doses of 6 SEDs (N = 14) and 3 SEDs (N = 15) on hands and face during late-winter/early-spring when outdoor UVB is negligible. 25(OH)D-levels were determined around every second week during study periods. Solar-UVR doses and sun-exposure diaries with information of sun-exposed areas were available from 8 volunteers and used for comparison with artificial UVB doses. However no significant solar-induced ?25(OH)D was observed when sun-exposed areas were limited to hands and face. Instead the earliest period (week 17-19) with significant ?25(OH)D, occurring after a mean of 2 days of sun-exposing more than hands and face, was used to estimate an approximate UVR dose required to increase 25(OH)D. This estimate resulted in a dose of 4.1 solar SEDs required to increase 25(OH)D by 1 nmol l(-1). The artificial dose of 6 SEDs of only hands and face significantly increased 25(OH)D and resulted in a dose of 0.52 SEDs required to increase 25(OH)D significantly by 1 nmol l(-1).

Artificial UVB was thus at least 8 times more efficient in increasing 25(OH)D than solar UVR at a UV-exposed area consisting of approximately hands and face.

Solar UVR exposure of larger areas may lead to enhanced efficacy but was not relevant for this comparison.
Significant solar-induced ?25(OH)D was present earliest at April 8, maximal by early August and decreased by late August.

PMID: 22851263


Email in Sept 2012 from Datta (author) indicates bulbs had more UVB and less UVA than the standard TL-01 bulbs

I used UV6 tubes that covers the spectrum from 290-365 nm and thus contains UVA.
It contains lesser UVA than TL12 tubes (280-350 nm) but more than narrow-band UVB tubes such as TL01 (peaks at 311 nm).

How much more vitamin D would have been generated if the UV bulb had NO UVA?
Instead of 8X, might it have been 16X ?
VitaminDWiki - just wondering

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Attached files

ID Name Comment Uploaded Size Downloads
2439 Sun vs UVB.pdf admin 01 May, 2013 1.09 Mb 1499
1506 Vitamin D from UVB (2).jpg admin 02 Aug, 2012 11.79 Kb 5744