Associations of Dietary ω-3, ω-6 Fatty Acids Consumption with Sleep Disorders and Sleep Duration among Adults
Nutrients . 2021 Apr 27;13(5):1475. doi: 10.3390/nu13051475
Jia Luo 1, Honghan Ge 1, Jing Sun 1, Kangyu Hao 1, Wenqin Yao 1, Dongfeng Zhang 1
This study seems to not analyze the Omega-3 index, which seems to have replaced the Omega ratio years ago.
Items in both categories Sleep and Omega-3 are listed here:
- Sleep problems associated with Omega problems - April 2021
- Omega-3 greatly reduced sleep deprivation problems in rats – June 2018
- Happy Nurses Project gave Omega-3 for 3 months – reduced depression, insomnia, anxiety, etc for a year – RCT July 2018
- Obstructive Sleep Apnea reduced by Omega-3 – June 2016
- Longer time to fall to sleep in winter unless eat salmon (vitamin D and Omega-3) – May 2014
- Serotonin regulated by Vitamin D – part 1 autism – Feb 2014
Sleep category starts with
- Sleep problems cured by vitamin D, etc. – workshops and patient workbooks – Gominak 2018
- Restless Legs Syndrome dramatically reduced by vitamin D, etc
- Iron deficiency is a cause of Vitamin D deficiency Depression
- On the job sleepiness 2.2X more likely if low vitamin D – Feb 2020
- Poor sleep 1.5 X more likely if less than 20 ng of Vitamin D – Feb 2019
- The Better Sleep Vitamin (Vitamin D) – nice 3 dollar book Feb 2015
- The worse the sleep apnea, the lower the vitamin D levels – meta-analysis 2017, 2020
- Seach VitaminDWiki for "SLEEP APNEA" 481 items as of Sept 2020
- Search VitaminDWiki for (sleep OR insomnia) Magnesium 307 items as of July 2020
- 5X increase in sleep problems in a decade in US Veterans
The relationship between ω-3 and ω-6 fatty acids consumption and sleep disorders or duration are controversial. Therefore, we used the data of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2007-2016 in this cross-sectional study to explore their relationships. ω-3 and ω-6 fatty acids consumption was assessed using two 24 h dietary recall interviews. Sleep disorders and sleep duration were based on self-reported data. Logistic regression models and restricted cubic spline analyses were used. Compared with tertile one, the odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of sleep disorders for the second tertile of ω-6 fatty acid intake and the highest tertile of ω-6:ω-3 ratio were 1.30 (1.04-1.62) and 1.36 (1.08-1.70), respectively.
Inverse U-shaped and linear dose-response relationships were observed between dietary ω-6 fatty acid intake and ω-6:ω-3 ratio and sleep disorders, respectively.
In addition, ω-3 fatty acid consumption was adversely related to sleep disorders in men and the OR (95% CI) was 0.68 (0.49-0.95). Compared with normal sleep duration, ω-3 fatty acid consumption was negatively related to very short, short, and long sleep duration risk. The relative risk ratios (RRRs) were 0.53 (0.35-0.81), 0.79 (0.67-0.93), and 0.81 (068-0.98), respectively. The RRR of very short sleep for ω-6 fatty acid consumption was 0.57 (0.45-0.73). Our study indicates that ω-6 fatty acid consumption and the ω-6:ω-3 ratio are positively associated with the risk of sleep disorders, while the negative association between ω-3 fatty acids and sleep disorders may exist only in men. Furthermore, ω-3 and ω-6 fatty acid consumption are negatively related to the risk of non-normal sleep duration.
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