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Omega-3 treats animal inflammation better than human (those studies use higher doses and different ratios than for humans) - March 2018

The Conundrum of Omega-3 Fatty Acids in Cancer Prevention Studies: Which One? How Much? What Biomarkers?

Cancer Prevention Research DOI: 10.1158/1940-6207.CAPR-18-0061
Carol J. Fabian and Bruce F. Kimler

Marine omega-3 fatty acids promote resolution of inflammation and have potential to reduce risk of obesity-related breast cancer. For prevention trials in obese women, inflammatory cytokines, aromatase, and measures of breast immune cell infiltration are logical, as are biomarkers of growth factor, adipokine, and estrogen signaling. Where best to look for marker change: in the circulation (easiest), in benign breast tissue (most relevant), or in visceral adipose (inflammation often most marked)? A null biomarker modulation trial may reflect limitations in design, source and dose of fatty acids, or biomarkers and should not lead to premature abandonment of marine omega-3 fatty acids for cancer prevention. Cancer Prev Res; 11(4); 1–4. ©2018 AACR.

Clipped from PDF
“Animal model supplementation studies often first induce an inflammatory environment with a high fat diet and then administer combinations of DHA and EPA at 4% to 10% of feed by weight, usually in the range of 10% of calories for EPA and/or DHA (5, 8). Human supplementation studies with EPA and DHA, in contrast, often do not preselect for baseline inflammation and then dose in the range of 1% to 2% of calories (5). Those trials showing consistent modulation of tissue blood inflammatory biomarkers are generally in individuals with active inflammation and employ combined EPA þ DHA doses of 3.4 to 4.0 g/day or EPA or DHA alone 2.7 g/day (5, 12). There is little evidence of inflammatory biomarker modulation at doses <2 g/day”

 Download the PDF from Sci-Hub via VitaminDWiki

Thoughts by Henry Lahore, founder of VitaminDWiki

  • Human studies typically use about 1% of calories of EPA and/or DHA
  • Animal studies range up to 10% of calories (10X more)
  • Animal studies also often use different ratios
  • Animal studies also vary the dose size with weight and existing inflammation
  • Wonder the improved results of RCTs if similar variations are made with human studies
  • Wonder the improved results of RCTs if Omega-3 Index before/after supplementation is considered
  • Note: Many health problems are associated with inflammation
  • Note: There is a strong interaction/synergy between Omega-3 and Vitamin D - which is generaly ignored in most studies

Omega-3 and Inflammation (items in both categories)

Created by admin. Last Modification: Monday March 26, 2018 20:19:04 GMT-0000 by admin. (Version 4)

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9585 Omega-3 Cancer Sci-Hub.pdf PDF 2018 admin 26 Mar, 2018 20:18 518.05 Kb 125
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