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Diabetes changes liver genes so as to destroy (catabolize) Vitamin D – May 2016

Expression pattern of CYP24 in liver during ageing in long-term diabetes

Acta Histochemica. Available online 9 May 2016, doi:10.1016/j.acthis.2016.05.001
Ana Vuicaa, Katarina Vukojevića, b, Lejla Ferhatović Hamzićc, Milka Jerića, Livia Puljakc, Ivica Grkovića, Natalija Filipovića, b, ,


Perhaps this is why diabetes seems to consume vitamin D
It seems that CYP24A1 is associated with the Kidney, but the Liver may have it as well
I am confused about differences between CYP24 and CYP24A1
Genetics category listing contains the following

229 articles in the Genetics category

see also 250 articles in Vitamin D Receptor, 94 articles in Vitamin D Binding Protein

Vitamin D blood test misses a lot
Blood Test Misses a lot (VDW 3439)

  • Snapshot of the literature by VitaminDWiki - (subject to many future developments)
  • Vitamin D from coming from tissues (vs blood) was speculated to be 50% in 2014, andi in 2017 is speculated to be 90%
  • Note: Good results from a blood test (> 40 ng) does not mean that a good amount of Vitamin D actually gets to cells
  • A Vitamin D test in cells appears feasible (personal communication)
    However test results would vary in each tissue due to multiple genes
  • Good clues that Vitamin D is being restricted from getting to the cells
    1) A vitamin D-related health problem runs in the family
       especially if it is one of 47+ diseases related to Vitamin D Receptor
    2) Slightly increasing Vitamin D show benefits (even if conventional Vitamin D test shows an increase)
    3) Vitamin D Receptor test (<$30) scores are difficult to understand in 2016
        easier to understand the VDR 23andMe test results analyzed by FoundMyFitness in 2018
    4) Back Pain
        probably want at least 2 clues before taking adding vitamin D, Omega-3, Magnesium, Resveratrol, etc
          The founder of VitaminDWiki took action with clues #3&4

Association of liver calcitriol (active vitamin D metabolite) catabolism with osteomalacia during prolonged use of certain drugs was reported in several recent studies. To examine whether the increased calcitriol catabolism could be a potential link between ageing/diabetes mellitus (DM) and bone loss, we studied the dynamic of expression of CYP24, the main calcitriol catabolising enzyme in the liver of rats during ageing and a long-term experimental DM1. DM1 model was induced with intraperitoneally injected streptozotocin (STZ) (55 mg/kg). Sprague-Dawley rats were sacrificed 6 and 12 months after the DM1 induction. The immunohistochemical analyses of CYP24 and transforming growth factor ß 1 (TGF-ß1) expression in the liver were performed. We found that ageing and long-term DM1 resulted in a significantly increased expression of CYP24 in hepatocytes, as well as in non-hepatocyte liver cells (Kupffer cells, hepatic stellate cells and sinusoidal endothelial cells). Ageing and long-term DM1 resulted in an increased expression of TGF-ß1 as well. Expression of CYP24 coexisted with the expression of TGF-ß1 in all types of hepatic cells.

We concluded that liver has the capacity for an active vitamin D catabolism in different populations of liver cells, especially in sinusoidal endothelial cells, through an expression of CYP24. That capacity is substantially increased during ageing and long-term diabetes mellitus. Increased liver calcitriol catabolism could be one of the mechanisms of the bone metabolism impairment related to ageing and diabetes.

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