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Risk of colon cancer increases in mice with no Vitamin D receptor in colon - July 2018

Abstract 5215: Vitamin D receptor regulates intestinal barriers in colon cancer

Yong-guo Zhang, Rong Lu, Danika Bakke, Yinglin Xia and Jun Sun
Cancer Res 2018;78(13 Suppl):Abstract nr 5215.
Proceedings: AACR Annual Meeting 2018; April 14-18, 2018; Chicago, IL, DOI: 10.1158/1538-7445.AM2018-5215


Vitamin D Receptor category has the following

410 studies in Vitamin D Receptor category

Vitamin D tests cannot detect Vitamin D Receptor (VDR) problems
A poor VDR restricts Vitamin D from getting in the cells
It appears that 30% of the population have a poor VDR (40% of the Obese )

A poor VDR increases the risk of 55 health problems  click here for details
The risk of 44 diseases at least double with poor Vitamin D Receptor as of Oct 2019

VDR at-home test $29 - results not easily understood in 2016
There are hints that you may have inherited a poor VDR

Compensate for poor VDR by increasing one or more:

1) Vitamin D supplement
  Sun, Ultraviolet -B
Vitamin D in the blood
and thus in the cells
2) MagnesiumVitamin D in the blood
 AND in the cells
3) Omega-3 Vitamin D in the cells
4) Resveratrol Vitamin D Receptor
5) Intense exercise Vitamin D Receptor
6) Get prescription for VDR activator
   paricalcitol, maxacalcitol?
Vitamin D Receptor
7) Quercetin (flavonoid) Vitamin D Receptor
8) Zinc is in the VDRVitamin D Receptor
9) BoronVitamin D Receptor ?,
10) Essential oils e.g. ginger, curcuminVitamin D Receptor
11) ProgesteroneVitamin D Receptor
12) Infrequent high concentration Vitamin D
Increases the concentration gradient
Vitamin D in the cells
13) Sulfroaphane and perhaps sulfurVitamin D Receptor

Note: If you are not feeling enough benefit from Vitamin D, you might try increasing VDR activation. You might feel the benefit within days of adding one or more of the above

Far healthier and stronger at age 72 due to supplements Includes 6 supplements that help the VDR

Background Vitamin D and Vitamin D receptor (VDR) play important roles in the development of colon cancer. Tight junction structures are essential in intestinal barrier integrity, inflammation, and cancer. The disruption of tight junctions is a common manifestation of various diseases including cancers. Claudin-5 is a tight junction protein that is expressed in epithelia and endothelia and form paracellular barriers and pores that determine permeability. It is downregulated in colon cancer. Although VDR and Claudin-5 are all involved in colon cancer, it remains unclear whether they are closely related or function independently.

Methods In the current study, we investigate the novel role of VDR in regulating Claudin-5, using whole body VDR knockout mice (VDR-/-) and intestinal epithelial VDR knockout mice (VDRΔIEC). In vitro, VDR-/- embryonic fibroblasts (MEF) cells, cultured human intestinal epithelial cells, organoids, and human colon cancer samples were used to determine the molecular mechanism.

Results In intestinal samples of colon cancer patients, VDR expression is low, whereas the expression of Claudin-5 is also decreased. In the colon of VDR-/- mice and VDRΔIEC mice, deletion of VDR led to lower claudin-5 at the protein and mRNA levels. This observation was also confirmed by immunostaining of Claudin-5. In VDR-/- MEF cells, both Western blot and real time PCR revealed that VDR deletion led to lower protein and mRNA levels of claudin-5 in cells without any treatment. Vitamin D3 is known to increase VDR expression and activate VDR signaling. Protein and mRNA levels of Claudin-5 were significantly elevated in mice, mouse organoids, and human intestinal epithelial SKCO15 cells treated with 1, 25 vitamin D3. In contrast, knockdown of Claudin-5 using siRNA did not change the expression level of VDR protein in human colonic epithelial cells. Our data suggest that the Claudin-5 gene is a downstream target of the VDR signaling pathway.

Conclusion Taken together, we show that VDR is important for the maintenance of physiological level of Claudin-5. This study also reveals a complex role for vitamin D/VDR regulation of intestinal barrier functions in colon cancer.

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