Vitamin D deficiency in adult patients with ulcerative colitis: Prevalence and relationship with disease severity, extent, and duration.
Indian J Gastroenterol. 2019 Mar 13. doi: 10.1007/s12664-019-00932-z.
Law AD1, Dutta U2, Kochhar R1, Vaishnavi C1, Kumar S1, Noor T1, Bhadada S3, Singh K1.
1 Dept of Gastroenterology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, 160 012, India.
2 Dept of Gastroenterology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, 160 012, India. ushadutta at gmail.com.
3 Dept of Endocrinology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, 160 012, India.
Gut category listing contains the following
- "Ulcerative Colitis" OR UC 839 items Jan 2020
- "celiac disease" OR CD 1830 items July 2019
- "inflammatory bowel disease" OR "inflammatory bowel symptom" 1630 items as of Jan 2020
- Crohn's 1230 items as of Feb 2019
- Gut-Friendly forms of vitamin D
such as: bio-emulsion, topical, spray, sublingual, inhaled, injection . .
Overview Gut and vitamin D contains gut-friendly information
Getting Vitamin D into your body has the following chart
Getting Vitamin D into your body also has the following
Bio-D-Mulsion Forte – especially made for those with poorly functioning guts, or perhaps lacking gallbladder
Sublingual – goes directly into bloodstream
Oil: 1 drop typically contains 400 IU, 1,000 IU, or 4,000 IU, typically not taste good
Topical – goes directly into bloodstream. Put oil on your skin, Use Aloe vera cream with Vitamin D, or make your own
Vaginal – goes directly into bloodstream. Prescription only?
Bio-Tech might be useful – it is also water soluble
Vitamin D sprayed inside cheeks 2X more response (poor gut) – RCT Oct 2015
and, those people with malabsorption problems had a larger response to spray
Inject Vitamin D quarterly into muscle, into vein, or perhaps into body cavity if quickly needed
Nanoparticles could be used to increase vitamin D getting to the gut – Oct 2015
Poor guts need different forms of vitamin D has the following
Guesses of Vitamin D response if poor gut
or Calcidiol or Calcitriol
|D - Slow|
(skin patch/cream, vagina)
perhaps activates VDR
|6||Water soluble (Bio-Tech)||Normal||Normal|
(some goes into gut)
|3||Coconut oil based||Slow||Normal|
|2||Food (salmon etc.)||Slow||Normal|
|2||Olive oil based (majority)||Slow||Normal|
10= best bioavailable, 0 = worst, guesses have a range of +-2
Speed: Fast ~2-6 hours, Slow ~10-30 hours
Duration: Long ~3-6 months, Normal = ~2 months
Vitamin D plays a key role in gut immunity and maintenance of the mucosal barrier. Vitamin D deficiency (VDD) worsens ulcerative colitis (UC) and its supplementation ameliorates the disease in mouse models. The prevalence and predictors of VDD in UC are not known.
Consecutive patients with UC (n = 80) underwent clinical, endoscopic, and histological evaluation to assess the extent, severity using UC disease activity index (UCDAI) score, and duration of illness. An equal number of age and gender-matched healthy adults without any features of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) living in the same latitude were identified as controls. The serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D3 level was estimated. The subjects were classified as deficient (< 20 ng/mL), insufficient (20-32 ng/mL), sufficient (32-80 ng/mL), and optimal (> 80 ng/mL) based on vitamin D levels. Chi-square test and Mann-Whitney U test were done to identify factors associated with vitamin D deficiency.
The patients and controls were similar in age and gender (40 ± 11.4 years, 51% male vs. 40 ± 12 years, 51% male; p = 1.000). Median vitamin D levels among patients were lower than the controls (18.1 ng/mL [IQR 14] vs. 32.5 ng/mL [IQR 36]; p < 0.001). Patients were more often VDD (56% vs. 40%) or insufficient (34% vs. 9%) and less often sufficient (9% vs. 40%) or optimal (1% vs. 11%), in contrast to controls (p < 0.001). Median vitamin D levels were lower in those with UCDAI > 6 (15 vs. 21 ng/mL; p = 0.01), having pancolitis (13 vs. 21 ng/mL, p = 0.01), and longer duration of illness > 2 years (13.8 vs. 20.8; p = 0.025). Vitamin D levels showed a negative correlation with frequency of stools (rho = - 0.244, p = 0.05), disease duration (rho = - 0.244, p = 0.007) and UCDAI score (r = - 0.348, p = 0.002).
VDD is highly prevalent among patients with UC. Patients with longer disease duration, more severe symptoms, and pancolitis are likely to have lower vitamin D levels.
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