Interplay of Immunity and Vitamin D: Interactions and Implications with Current IBD Therapy.
Curr Med Chem. 2016 Oct 26. [Epub ahead of print]
Abdo J1, Rai V, Agrawal D.
1Department of Clinical and Translational Science, Creighton University School of Medicine, Omaha, NE 68178, United States.
The Meta-analysis of Gut and Vitamin D
- IBD treated in children by Vitamin D, especially if use more than 2,000 IU daily for 12 weeks – meta-analysis – Sept 2022
- IBS helped by vitamin D (virtually ignoring dose size, type and duration) – meta-analysis June 2022
- Inflammatory Bowel Disease 1.5 X more likely if low vitamin D – meta-analysis Dec 2019
- Crohn’s Disease associated with lower Vitamin D - meta-analysis Sept 2019
- Inflammatory bowel diseases are associated with Vitamin D etc. – meta-meta-analysis - April 2019
- IBD relapse rate reduced by low Vitamin D - meta-analysis Nov 2018
- Crohn’s disease associated with vitamin D and latitude – meta-analysis Dec 2015
- Gut problems more likely if low vitamin D (IBD: 1.6, UC: 2.3) – meta-analysis Aug 2015
All items in categories Intervention AND Gut
- IBS not helped by daily 3,000 IU Vitamin D (but non-daily and gut-friendly help) – RCT July 2021
- Diverticular disease:12X reduction if low Vitamin D and given 100,000 IU monthly – RCT Aug 2020
- Irritable Bowel Syndrome treated by weekly 50,000 IU Vitamin D – RCT Feb 2019
- Ulcerative Colitis inflammation treated by weekly vitamin D (40,000 IU) – July 2018
- Gut bacteria of Crohn's disease patients improved by Vitamin D – March 2018
- Vitamin D changed microbiota in gut and airway, might reduce cystic fibrosis – RCT Nov 2017
- Crohn's Disease relapse rate of 3 in 8 with 1,000 IU vs 0 in 12 with 10,000 IU of Vitamin D – RCT Feb 2017
- Ulcerative colitis treated by injection of 300,000 IU of vitamin D – RCT July 2016
- IBS quality of life improved by vitamin D (50,000 IU every two weeks) – RCT May 2016
- IBS – 82 percent had low vitamin D, 3,000 IU spray helped a lot – RCT Dec 2015
- Crohn's disease treated by 2000 IU Vitamin D - RCT June 2015
- Crohn’s disease helped when vitamin D level raised above 30 ng – RCT Feb 2015
- Crohn's Disease patients normalizing their Vitamin D levels decreased risk of surgery by 44 percent – Aug 2013
- Crohn’s helped by 5000 IU vitamin D – April 2013
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Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) are classified under inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) which has been linked to a multifaceted etiology involving both environmental and genetic factors that intersect with the vitamin D pathway. Dysfunctions in innate immune defense mechanisms in the epithelial compartment of the intestine play a crucial role in the pathogenesis of IBD. Symptoms of IBD are caused by excessive immune responses to luminal bacteria, and vitamin D has been shown to play a role in intestinal defense by aiding in the suppression of microbial invasion into the epithelium. Vitamin D, as an immunomodulator, can modify the innate immune response of the body. Vitamin D attenuates the transcription of pro-inflammatory cytokines that are upregulated in the event of epithelial stress common in patients with IBD.
Vitamin D deficiency was identified in 82% of IBD patients compared to the 31% national average and has been linked to defective epithelial processes at both genomic and proteomic levels. Mucosal damage and an impaired immune response are at the center of IBD, and vitamin D aids in sustaining the structural integrity of epithelial cells while enhancing innate immune responses in the mucosa. Here we provide a systematic review of the pathophysiological effects of cytokines in IBD in the presence of vitamin D deficiency. Also, analysis of the immunomodulatory effect of vitamin D in regulating immunopathogenic factors like chemokines, growth factors, and human defensins will enhance knowledge of the underlying molecular mechanisms of the therapeutic role of vitamin D in IBD and thus aid in the development of better patient management strategies.
Publisher wants $95 for the PDF highest cost I can recallInflammatory bowel disease, Vitamin D, and immunity – Oct 2016
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