Curr Med Chem. 2016 Oct 26. [Epub ahead of print]
Abdo J1, Rai V, Agrawal D.
1Department of Clinical and Translational Science, Creighton University School of Medicine, Omaha, NE 68178, United States.
The Meta-analysis of Gut and Vitamin D
- IBD relapse rate reduced by low Vitamin D - meta-analysis Nov 2018
- Vitamin D changed microbiota in gut and airway, might reduce cystic fibrosis – RCT Nov 2017
- Crohn’s disease associated with vitamin D and latitude – meta-analysis Dec 2015
- Gut problems more likely if low vitamin D (IBD: 1.6, UC: 2.3) – meta-analysis Aug 2015
- Inflammatory bowel diseases treated with vitamin D – Review May 2014
All items in categories Intervention AND Gut
- Irritable Bowel Syndrome treated by weekly 50,000 IU Vitamin D – RCT 2019
- Ulcerative Colitis inflammation treated by weekly vitamin D (40,000 IU) – July 2018
- Gut bacteria of Crohn's disease patients improved by Vitamin D – March 2018
- Crohn's Disease relapse rate of 3 in 8 with 1,000 IU vs 0 in 12 with 10,000 IU of Vitamin D – RCT Feb 2017
- Ulcerative colitis treated by injection of 300,000 IU of vitamin D – RCT July 2016
- IBS quality of life improved by vitamin D (50,000 IU every two weeks) – RCT May 2016
- IBS – 82 percent had low vitamin D, 3,000 IU spray helped a lot – RCT Dec 2015
- Crohn's disease treated by 2000 IU Vitamin D - RCT June 2015
- Crohn’s disease helped when vitamin D level raised above 30 ng – RCT Feb 2015
- Irritable Bowel Syndrome - can it be treated by 3000 IU of vitamin D - RCT Feb 2014
- Crohn's Disease patients normalizing their Vitamin D levels decreased risk of surgery by 44 percent – Aug 2013
- Crohn’s helped by 5000 IU vitamin D – April 2013
- Gut category listing has
131 items along with related searches
- Vitamin D and Rickets consensus took 80 years – how long till consensuses on 30 other health problems – Feb 2016
Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) are classified under inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) which has been linked to a multifaceted etiology involving both environmental and genetic factors that intersect with the vitamin D pathway. Dysfunctions in innate immune defense mechanisms in the epithelial compartment of the intestine play a crucial role in the pathogenesis of IBD. Symptoms of IBD are caused by excessive immune responses to luminal bacteria, and vitamin D has been shown to play a role in intestinal defense by aiding in the suppression of microbial invasion into the epithelium. Vitamin D, as an immunomodulator, can modify the innate immune response of the body. Vitamin D attenuates the transcription of pro-inflammatory cytokines that are upregulated in the event of epithelial stress common in patients with IBD.
Vitamin D deficiency was identified in 82% of IBD patients compared to the 31% national average and has been linked to defective epithelial processes at both genomic and proteomic levels. Mucosal damage and an impaired immune response are at the center of IBD, and vitamin D aids in sustaining the structural integrity of epithelial cells while enhancing innate immune responses in the mucosa. Here we provide a systematic review of the pathophysiological effects of cytokines in IBD in the presence of vitamin D deficiency. Also, analysis of the immunomodulatory effect of vitamin D in regulating immunopathogenic factors like chemokines, growth factors, and human defensins will enhance knowledge of the underlying molecular mechanisms of the therapeutic role of vitamin D in IBD and thus aid in the development of better patient management strategies.
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