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Daily aspirin reduced chance of heart problems by 0.4 percent (but 50X more reduction if Vitamin D) – Meta-analysis Jan 2019

Update March 2019
Daily Low-Dose Aspirin No Longer Recommended by Doctors, if You’re Healthy New York Times
The American College of Cardiology and American Heart Association released the new guidelines

Explanaion by AARP April 2019

Association of Aspirin Use for Primary Prevention With Cardiovascular Events and Bleeding Events – A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

JAMA. 2019;321(3):277-287. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.20578

VitaminDWiki

It is amazing that more than half of seniors have been indoctrinated into taking daily aspirin which there is so little benefit while increasing chance of bleeding by 40%

Cardiovascular category starts with the following

415 items In Cardiovascular category

Meta-analyses

Omega-3 Helps

A poor Vitamin D Receptor can block Vitamin D in blood from getting to tissues

Cholesterol, Statins

Proof that Vitamin D Works has the following

Cardio Problem Treat
Prevent
Reduction
by Vitamin D
RCT = Randomized Controlled Trial
   * = link to additional RCT
CT = Clinical Trial
Cardiovascular after attack T 32 % fewer deaths CT 1000 IU
Congestive Heart Failure T 90 % RCT, 1000 IU infants (also: Adults, not RCT)
After Heart Attack T +6% ejection fraction RCT, 800,000 IU one time

Image AspirinVitamin D
Amount per pill to reduce heart problems 81 mg 1.25 mg
(50,000 IU)
# pills to take in 2 weeks141 (can add powder to food/drink)
Approx cost for 2 weeks 15 cent22 cents
Reduction in Heart problems 0.4% 20%
Increased bleeding 40% 0 %

Image

Sean L. Zheng, BM, BCh, MA, MRCP1,2,3; Alistair J. Roddick, BSc3
Key Points

  • Question What is the association of aspirin use with cardiovascular events and bleeding events in individuals without cardiovascular disease?
  • Findings In this meta-analysis of 13 trials with 164 225 participants without cardiovascular disease, aspirin use was associated with a lower risk of cardiovascular events, defined as cardiovascular death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, and nonfatal stroke (hazard ratio [HR], 0.89; absolute risk reduction, 0.38%) and an increased risk of major bleeding (HR, 1.43; absolute risk increase, 0.47%).
  • Meaning In individuals without cardiovascular disease, the use of aspirin was associated with a lower risk of cardiovascular events and an increased risk of major bleeding.

 Download the PDF from VitaminDWiki

Importance The role for aspirin in cardiovascular primary prevention remains controversial, with potential benefits limited by an increased bleeding risk.

Objective To assess the association of aspirin use for primary prevention with cardiovascular events and bleeding.

Data Sources PubMed and Embase were searched on Cochrane Library Central Register of Controlled Trials from the earliest available date through November 1, 2018.

Study Selection Randomized clinical trials enrolling at least 1000 participants with no known cardiovascular disease and a follow-up of at least 12 months were included. Included studies compared aspirin use with no aspirin (placebo or no treatment).

Data Extraction and Synthesis Data were screened and extracted independently by both investigators. Bayesian and frequentist meta-analyses were performed.

Main Outcomes and Measures The primary cardiovascular outcome was a composite of cardiovascular mortality, nonfatal myocardial infarction, and nonfatal stroke. The primary bleeding outcome was any major bleeding (defined by the individual studies).

Results A total of 13 trials randomizing 164 225 participants with 1 050 511 participant-years of follow-up were included. The median age of trial participants was 62 years (range, 53-74), 77 501 (47%) were men, 30 361 (19%) had diabetes, and the median baseline risk of the primary cardiovascular outcome was 9.2% (range, 2.6%-15.9%). Aspirin use was associated with significant reductions in the composite cardiovascular outcome compared with no aspirin (57.1 per 10 000 participant-years with aspirin and 61.4 per 10 000 participant-years with no aspirin) (hazard ratio [HR], 0.89 [95% credible interval, 0.84-0.95]; absolute risk reduction, 0.38% [95% CI, 0.20%-0.55%]; number needed to treat, 265). Aspirin use was associated with an increased risk of major bleeding events compared with no aspirin (23.1 per 10 000 participant-years with aspirin and 16.4 per 10 000 participant-years with no aspirin) (HR, 1.43 [95% credible interval, 1.30-1.56]; absolute risk increase, 0.47% [95% CI, 0.34%-0.62%]; number needed to harm, 210).

Conclusions and Relevance The use of aspirin in individuals without cardiovascular disease was associated with a lower risk of cardiovascular events and an increased risk of major bleeding. This information may inform discussions with patients about aspirin for primary prevention of cardiovascular events and bleeding.

Created by admin. Last Modification: Friday November 15, 2019 01:58:18 GMT-0000 by admin. (Version 24)

Attached files

ID Name Comment Uploaded Size Downloads
11318 14 baby aspirin 1 Vit D.jpg admin 02 Feb, 2019 15:30 7.67 Kb 96
11303 Aspirin F1.jpg admin 30 Jan, 2019 23:09 65.08 Kb 150
11302 Aspirin JAMA.pdf PDF 2019 admin 30 Jan, 2019 23:09 519.29 Kb 74
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