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Adaptive and innate immune system, vitamin D genes, and Rheumatoid Arthritis – June 2019

Vitamin D, Autoimmune Disease and Rheumatoid Arthritis

Calcified Tissue International, pp 1–18
Stephanie R. Harrison Danyang Li Louisa E. Jeffery Karim Raza Martin Hewison Email author


Rheumatoid Arthritis and Genes

Rheumatoid Arthritis and Large (non-daily) doses
  Note: large doses get past poor Vitamin D Receptors

Genes in VitaminDWiki

in Visio for 2023
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Adaptive and Innate Immunity VDW10981
Vitamin D has been reported to influence physiological systems that extend far beyond its established functions in calcium and bone homeostasis. Prominent amongst these are the potent immunomodulatory effects of the active form of vitamin D, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25-(OH)2D3). The nuclear vitamin D receptor (VDR) for 1,25-(OH)2D3 is expressed by many cells within the immune system and resulting effects include modulation of T cell phenotype to suppress pro-inflammatory Th1 and Th17 CD4+ T cells and promote tolerogenic regulatory T cells. In addition, antigen-presenting cells have been shown to express the enzyme 1α-hydroxylase that converts precursor 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (25-OHD3) to 1,25-(OH)2D3, so that immune microenvironments are able to both activate and respond to vitamin D. As a consequence of this local, intracrine, system, immune responses may vary according to the availability of 25-OHD3, and vitamin D deficiency has been linked to various autoimmune disorders including rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The aim of this review is to explore the immune activities of vitamin D that impact autoimmune disease, with specific reference to RA. As well as outlining the mechanisms linking vitamin D with autoimmune disease, the review will also describe the different studies that have linked vitamin D status to RA, and the current supplementation studies that have explored the potential benefits of vitamin D for prevention or treatment of RA. The overall aim of the review is to provide a fresh perspective on the potential role of vitamin D in RA pathogenesis and treatment.

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12310 Vitamin D, Autoimmune Disease and Rheumatoid Arthritis.pdf admin 12 Jul, 2019 1.50 Mb 991