- Vitamin D status and tic disorder: a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies - May 2023
- Correlation Between Tic Disorders and Serum 25-Hydroxyvitamin D Levels in Chinese Children - May 2022
- Correlation between Serum Levels of Vitamin A and Vitamin D with Disease Severity in Tic Disorder Children - May 2022
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Vitamin D status and tic disorder: a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies - May 2023
Front Pediatr . 2023 May 30;11:1173741. doi: 10.3389/fped.2023.1173741. eCollection 2023.
Lin Xiaoxia # 1, Jiang Jilong # 1, Chen Xianrui 2, Chen Yanhui 1
Objective: Tic disorders (TD) are a common neurodevelopmental disorder, it can be divided into transient tic disorder (TTD), chronic motor or vocal tic disorder (CTD), and Tourette syndrome (TS). Our research is to evaluate the clinical relationship between tic disorders and vitamin D level in children.
Methods: Online databases, including CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, Cochrane Library, PubMed and Embase digital knowledge service platform, were checked up to June 2022 for relevant observational studies published in Chinese and English. A random-effects model was incorporated to summarize the study results. The RevMan5.3 software was used for meta-analysis.
Results: Out of 132 retrieved articles, 13 observational studies were eligible for inclusion in the systematic review and meta-analysis, comparing serum Vitamin D levels between children with TD and HC (healthy controls), including different subtypes of TD (TTD, CTD and TS). The results showed that the serum vitamin D levels in the TD group were lower than those in the HC group (MD = -6.64, 95% CI: -9.36 to -3.93, P < 0.001, Heterogeneity test: P < 0.001, I2 = 94%). There were no statistically significant differences in serum vitamin D levels between the TTD group and the CTD group (MD = 3.84, 95% CI: -0.59 to 8.26, P = 0.09, Heterogeneity test: P < 0.001, I2 = 90%), or between the CTD group and the TS group (MD = 1.06, 95% CI: -0.04 to 2.16, P = 0.0, Heterogeneity test: P = 0.54, I2 = 0%). However, there was a statistically significant difference in serum vitamin D levels between the TTD group and the TS group (MD = 5.24, 95% CI: 0.68-9.80, P = 0.02, Heterogeneity test: P < 0.001, I2 = 92%). The study also found a statistically significant difference in the ratio of male children between the TD group and the HC group (OR = 1.48, 95% CI: 1.07-2.03, P = 0.02, Heterogeneity test: P < 0.001, I2 = 74%), but no statistically significant difference in the age of children between the TD group and the HC group (OR = 0.46, 95% CI: -0.33 to 1.24, P = 0.25, Heterogeneity test: P < 0.001, I2 = 96%).
Conclusions: Our meta-analysis showed that the vitamin D level of children with TD was lower than that of healthy children. However, there was no difference between the subgroup. Due to the limitations of included studies in research design and diagnostic criteria, large samples, multi-center and high-quality studies are still needed for further analysis and confirmation.
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Correlation Between Tic Disorders and Serum 25-Hydroxyvitamin D Levels in Chinese Children - May 2022
Front Pediatr. 2022 May 9;10:833371. doi: 10.3389/fped.2022.833371
Simei Wang 1, Quanmei Xu 1, Anqi Wang 1, Fang Yuan 1, Xiaona Luo 1, Yilin Wang 1, Miao Guo 1, Yuanfeng Zhang 1, Wenjing Zhang 1, Xiaobing Ji 1, Yun Ren 1, Yucai Chen 1
Objective: To explore the correlation between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels and tic disorders (TDs) in Chinese children.
Methods: We selected 2960 children with TD and 2665 healthy controls, aged 5-14 years, from the Department of Neurology of the Shanghai Children's Hospital. Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels and degrees of vitamin D deficiency were compared between patients with TD and healthy children.
Results: The mean serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D level in the TD group was significantly lower than that in the control group (P < 0.001). The proportion of patients with 25-hydroxyvitamin D deficiency in the TD group was significantly higher than that in the control group. However, there was no correlation between 25-hydroxyvitamin D deficiency and the severity of TD. In addition, for age-wise comparison, mean levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D and its deficiency in the TD group were the most significant in children over 9 years of age.
Conclusion: There is a correlation between 25-hydroxyvitamin D deficiency and TD in Chinese children, but not between 25-hydroxyvitamin D deficiency and the severity of TD. There was a correlation between age and deficiency of 25-hydroxyvitamin D; this deficiency was most pronounced among those over the age of 9 years.
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Correlation between Serum Levels of Vitamin A and Vitamin D with Disease Severity in Tic Disorder Children - May 2022
Evid Based Complement Alternat Med . 2022 May 31;2022:7121900. doi: 10.1155/2022/7121900
Helin Wang 1, Yali Yang 1, Dandan Zhou 1, Chengjie Bai 1, Minqiang Shi 1
Purpose: To explore and analyze the correlation between serum vitamins A and D levels and disease severity in children with tic disorder.
Methods: A total of 59 children with tic disorders treated in the Linping Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine from April 2018 to May 2021 were selected as the observation group. 55 healthy children with matched age and sex who underwent physical examination were selected as the control group. Children in the observation group were subdivided to the mild group (n = 35) and moderate-to-severe group (n = 24) according to the Yale comprehensive tic severity scale. Afterwards, they were grouped into the temporary group (n = 25), persistent group (n = 22), and Tourette's syndrome group (n = 12) according to their clinical characteristics and course of disease. The severity and serum vitamins A and D levels were collected and compared, and then, Spearman correlation analysis was performed to analyze the correlation between the severity and serum vitamins A and D levels.
Results: Compared with the control group, the serum vitamin A and D levels in the observation group were lower. Compared with the mild group, the serum vitamins A and D levels were lower in the moderate-to-severe group. Spearman correlation analysis revealed a significant negative correlation between disease severity and serum vitamins A and D levels. Regarding the serum D levels, the temporary group > the persistent group > Tourette's syndrome group. There was no significant difference in serum vitamin A levels among the three groups.
Conclusion: Vitamins A and D deficiency in children is strongly associated with tic disorders, and vitamins A and D demonstrate a negative correlation with the severity of tic disorders. Vitamin D is also linked to the clinical type of tic disorder.
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Tic disorders associated with Vitamin D - several studies
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