BMJ Mil Health. 2020 Aug;166(4):240-242. doi: 10.1136/jramc-2018-000983
Thomas Richards 1, C Wright 2 3
Items in both categories Bone and Sports:
- Stress fractures take longer to heal if low vitamin D – Aug 2020
- Stress Fractures and Vitamin D – narrative review March 2021
- Some Foot and ankle problems are treated by Vitamin D – many studies
- 4X fewer stress fractures in college athletes if more than 40 ng of vitamin D – Feb 2016
- Metatarsal Stress Fracture 5X more likely if low vitamin D – Nov 2015
- Stress fractures – 83 percent had less than 40 ng of vitamin D – Sept 2015
- Stress fractures in basic training associated with 2.5 ng less vitamin D – meta-analysis Nov 2014
- People with old burns improved muscle strength with 2200 IU average vitamin D – RCT Sept 2014
- Strong bones need both physical activity and vitamin D – Jan 2013
- Female Athlete health problems may be due to lack of vitamin D and Iron – July 2012
- Half as many fractures for girls with high vitamin D intake – March 2012
- Perhaps Stress fractures 2X less frequent if 4000 IU of vitamin D – June 2011
- Shin splints decrease with vitamin D
- Many abstracts on fewer stress and bone fractures with vitamin D
- Sports Nutrition Conference on Bone health Calcium and vitamin D – Sept 2010
- Vitamin D at Experimental Biology meeting April 2010
Background: Recruits undergoing military training experience a particularly high incidence of stress fractures. The role of combined calcium and vitamin D (25-OHD) deficiency and subsequent supplementation has been well described in the literature, but the role of 25-OHD deficiency alone is less well understood, particularly its influence on recovery once a stress fracture has been incurred.
Methods: Retrospective data of recruits who had incurred stress fractures were collected (n=37). Independent-samples t-tests were conducted in Microsoft Excel to investigate the association between serum-25 OHD and the time taken to recover.
Results: Significant differences (p<0.05) were found in the mean time taken to recover from stress fractures when participants were grouped according to serum 25-OHD level. Sufficient levels of serum 25-OHD (>50 nmol/L) at the time of injury resulted in shorter recovery times than all other groups.
Conclusion: The study demonstrated an association between serum 25-OHD level and the time taken to recover from a stress fracture. The sample population of this study was too small to contribute to the discussion about whether a minimum serum 25-OHD status should be met before entering British Army training, but a larger prospective study should be able to provide the data required for a cost benefit analysis to be conducted and a decision made.