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Ovarian Cancer – increased risk near pulp mills (air or water pollution) – July 2018

Ovarian Cancer Incidence in the U.S. and Toxic Emissions from Pulp and Paper Plants: A Geospatial Analysis

Carol Hanchette 1,+, Charlie H. Zhang and Gary G. Schwartz
Department of Geography and Geosciences, University of Louisville, 2301 S 3rd Street, Louisville,KY 40292-0001, USA
Department of Population Health, School of Medicine & Health Sciences, University of North Dakota, 1301 N Columbia Rd., Stop 9037, Grand Forks, ND 58202-9037, USA; gary.schwartz at med.und.edu
* Correspondence: c.zhang at louisville.edu; Tel.: +1-502-852-2695 + Deceased.


Unclear if pulp mill pollution, by itself, is a higher or lower risk factor than Vitamin D
Unclear if the problem is air vs water pollution
It is well known, however, that pollution, toxic materials, smoking, etc. decrease levels of Vitamin D

Air Pollution

Omega-3 also helps

Comment by the founder of VitaminDWiki
I live near a pulp plant and I keep indoors when the wind is blowing in the "wrong" direction
I suspect air, not water, pollution is associated with poorer health - of many many kinds

 Download the PDF from ResearchGate via VitaminDWiki


Ovarian cancer is the fifth leading cause of female cancer mortality in the U.S. and accounts for five percent of all cancer deaths among women. No environmental risk factors for ovarian cancer have been confirmed. We previously reported that ovarian cancer incidence rates at the state level were significantly correlated with the extent of pulp and paper manufacturing. We evaluated that association using county-level data and advanced geospatial methods. Specifically, we investigated the relationship of spatial patterns of ovarian cancer incidence rates with toxic emissions from pulp and paper facilities using data from the Environmental Protection Agency's Toxic Release Inventory (TRI). Geospatial analysis identified clusters of counties with high ovarian cancer incidence rates in south-central Iowa, Wisconsin, New York, Pennsylvania, Alabama, and Georgia. A bivariate local indicator of spatial autocorrelation (LISA) analysis confirmed that counties with high ovarian cancer rates were associated with counties with large numbers of pulp and paper mills. Regression analysis of state level data indicated a positive correlation between ovarian cancer and water pollutant emissions. A similar relationship was identified from the analysis of county-level data. These data support a possible role of water-borne pollutants from pulp and paper mills in the etiology of ovarian cancer.

Created by admin. Last Modification: Thursday August 2, 2018 00:36:47 GMT-0000 by admin. (Version 7)

Attached files

ID Name Comment Uploaded Size Downloads
10273 Ovarian and mill.jpg admin 02 Aug, 2018 79.17 Kb 763
10272 Ovarian mill.jpg admin 02 Aug, 2018 57.18 Kb 861
10271 188-Ovarian cancer pulp mills US Hanchette, Schwartz.pdf admin 02 Aug, 2018 3.33 Mb 708