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Obese need more Vitamin D: Volume dilution, IU per pound, or BMI – RCT Dec 2012

The Effect Of Vitamin D Supplementation On Serum 25OHD In Thin And Obese Women

The Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology,2012.12.003
J. Christopher Gallagher a jcg at creighton.edu, Vinod Yalamanchili a , Lynette M. Smith b
a Bone Metabolism Unit, Creighton University Medical Center, Omaha, Nebraska
b Department of Public Health, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, Nebraska

Obese people are known to have lower serum 25OHD levels compared to non-obese people. It is not known whether it is due to storage of vitamin D in fat, inadequate input from sunlight, diet or other unknown factors. We examined the relationship at study baseline of serum 25OHD, PTH, 1,25(OH)2D with body composition measurements using Dual energy X-ray Absorptiometry. The results showed a significant inverse relation between total body fat mass and serum 25OHD (p < 0.0001) and serum 1,25(OH2)D (p = 034) and an independent positive correlation between serum PTH and total body fat mass (p < 0.0001). In a randomized controlled study of seven doses of vitamin D (400-4800IU/d) the increase in serum 25OHD levels was compared in women with a normal body mass index to obese women. The response to the low doses of vitamin D (400-800IU/d) was significantly less than that of the medium (1600-2400IU/d) and high doses groups (3200-4800IU) (p < 0.0001) in all BMI categories. The increase in serum 25OHD in the medium and high dose groups was not significantly different with increasing level of obesity. But thinner women with a normal BMI (< 25 kg/m2) showed a much higher response to vitamin D at any dose level compared to other BMI groups. There was no significant change in total body fat mass after treatment with vitamin D or calcitriol in our randomized trials. In summary, the response to vitamin D is dependent on body weight. Women with BMI <25 kg/m2 develop much higher levels of serum 25OHD after vitamin D supplementation compared to those with BMI of >25 kg/m2 .The differences in serum 25OHD levels between normal and obese women may be due to differences in volume dilution. After vitamin D supplementation, all obese women reach adequate levels of serum 25OHD but normal women (BMI < 25 kg/m2) reach much higher levels of 25OHD and in this group smaller doses of vitamin D used should be used.

Figure 2b

Correlation between total body fat mass and total body lean mass measured by DXA scan(r = 0.54; p < 0.0001),

Figure 3

Higher BMI group showed a lower response when compared with group with low BMI. The lines represent treated groups (placebo excluded) on low dose (400, 800 IU/d), medium dose (1600, 2400 IU/d) and high dose (3200, 4000, 4800 IU/d). Groups with similar symbols (*)(#)(+) are significantly different from each other.

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Attached files

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1830 D and dose vs BMI.jpg admin 15 Dec, 2012 20.28 Kb 5495
1829 D vs BMI.jpg admin 15 Dec, 2012 15.93 Kb 2423