Expert Opin Drug Saf. 2018 Sep 17. doi: 10.1080/14740338.2018.1524868. [Epub ahead of print]
N Guyen KD1,2, Bagheri B3, Bagheri H1.
- 1 Laboratoire de Pharmacologie Médicale et Clinique, Equipe de Pharmacoépidémiologie de l'UMR INSERM 1027, Faculté de Médecine de l'Université Paul-Sabatier et Centre Midi-Pyrénées de PharmacoVigilance , de Pharmacoépidémiologie et d'Information sur le Médicament de l'UMR INSERM 1027, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire , Toulouse , France.
- 2 The National Centre of Drug Information and Adverse Drug Reaction Monitoring , Hanoi University of Pharmacy , Vietnam.
- 3 Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine , Semnan University of Medical Sciences , Semnan , Iran.
- Glucocorticoid treatment reduces Vitamin D getting to cells via 3 or 4 genes
- Drugs which create deficiencies in Vitamin D, Vitamin K, Magnesium, Zinc, Iron, etc. – Sept 2017
- Drugs that may harm bone (vitamin D needed) -April 2016
- Review of vitamin D interaction with drugs – Jan 2014
- Drug–Vitamin D Interactions, A Systematic Review – Jan 2013
- Acid Reflux drugs decrease Vitamin D and Magnesium – Jan 2013
- Off Topic: Taking a PPI for GERD increases chance of death from heart disease by 2X– Aug 2015
- Extensive review of influence of drugs on vitamin D and Calcium – April 2012
- Category: Drug interactions with Vitamin D has
- Osteoporosis due to antiepileptic drugs: placebo including Vitamin D helped 69 percent, placebo with risedronate helped 70% – Sept 2013
- Bisphosphonates 4.5 X more likely to work when vitamin D level above 33 ng – Sept 2011
- 7 reasons to not take proton pump inhibitors ( try ginger instead) – Dec 2018
Drug-induced bone loss remains the major cause of vertebral and hip fractures and significantly associated to morbidity and mortality. This article will review the common drugs identified as the causes of bone loss and the risk factors and management in European countries. Areas covered: Apart from glucorticoid - the most reputed cause of osteoporosis, many different drugs could cause harmful skeletal disorders.
- hormonal therapy,
- GnRH antagonists,
- aromatase inhibitors
are well-known cause of bone loss.
Osteoporosis and fractures risk also increased with
- calcineurin inhibitors,
- antiretroviral drugs,
- selective inhibitors of serotonin reuptake,
- loop diuretics,
- oral anticoagulants,
- high doses of thyroxine and
- proton pump inhibitors.
Expert opinion: Drugs are an important secondary cause of osteoporosis. Healthcare professionals should routinely reassess the requirement for drugs and use the lowest dosage and shortest duration.
Lifestyle changes, adequate calcium, vitamin D supplement or initiation of the osteoporotic treatment should be recommended after initiation of high-risk agents. Appropriate monitoring of bone status and initiating osteoporosis treatment if indicated are recommended when drugs having potential deleterious effects on bone are used, particularly in high-risk patients. The update and further studies would provide concluded evidences of controversial drugs induced bone loss and determine the best prevention and treatment strategies.