Paediatr Int Child Health. 2012 Feb;32(1):3-13.
Dawodu A, Wagner CL.
Global Health Center, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center and University of Cincinnati, 3333 Burnet Avenue, MLC 2048, Cincinnati, OH 45229, USA. adekunle.dawodu at cchmc.org
Vitamin D deficiency in mothers and infants is a global health disorder despite recognition that it is preventable.
Recent data support the theory that vitamin D deficiency in adults and children may increase the risk of infections and auto-immune diseases.
In most cases, vitamin D deficiency is caused by sunlight deprivation and inadequate corrective vitamin D intake.
There is a strong mother/infant vitamin D relationship that affects vitamin D status both in utero and in infancy.
Recognition that vitamin D deficiency is a worldwide mother/infant health problem is a basis on which to modify public health strategies to reduce the burden of disease and improve maternal and child vitamin D nutrition.
This review provides an update on vitamin D function and the global scope and implications of vitamin D deficiency as it relates to pregnancy and infancy. It also addresses a combined strategy to prevent vitamin D deficiency during pregnancy, lactation and infancy.
- Overview Pregnancy and vitamin D which has many links to articles by one of the authors - Wagner