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Omega-3 and Human Health: chapter in a book – Oct 2018

Omega-3 Fatty Acids and Its Role in Human Health

Functional Food and Human Health pp 173-198 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-1123-9_9
Darshika NigamRenu YadavUdita Tiwari


Vitamin D and Omega-3 category starts with

377 Omega-3 items in category Omega-3 helps with: Autism (9 studies), Depression (29 studies), Cardiovascular (32 studies), Cognition (48 studies), Pregnancy (39 studies), Infant (26 studies), Obesity (13 studies), Mortality (5 studies), Breast Cancer (6 studies), Smoking, Sleep, Stroke, Longevity, Trauma (12 studies), Inflammation (18 studies), Multiple Sclerosis (9 studies), VIRUS (12 studies), etc
CIlck here for details

Chapters in the Function Food book (which might also be in Sci-hub) include
Comprehensive Assessment of Curcumin as a Functional Food https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-1123-9_6
Resveratrol: A Miracle Drug for Vascular Pathologies https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-1123-9_7
Nutraceuticals and Their Role in Human Health and Disease https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-1123-9_17

PDF is available free at Sci-Hub  10.1007/978-981-13-1123-9_9

Fats (triglyceride) are the main energy storage macromolecules in case of animal and have served not only as a structural component of cell membrane, in which they are anchored by phospholipid molecules. Fats are esters of fatty acids condensed with glycerol molecules. Fatty acids have been categorized into essential and nonessential fatty acids on the basis of the ability of an organism to biosynthesize them. Essential fatty acids (linolenic, linoleic, and arachidonic acids) cannot be biosynthesized by an organism so must be provided through diet. One of the essential families of fatty acids for humans is the omega-3 fatty acids which include ɑ-linolenic acid (ALA), eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). These essential nutrients enhance quality of life by supporting hormones, inflammation, regulating blood coagulation, mental health of an individual. The present chapter explores in detail the biological functions and dietary benefits of the omega-3 fatty acids in regulating metabolism of the body and its protective role in prevention many diseases.

147 references

Table 9.2 Omega-3 fatty acids help in curing the listed diseases

  • Brain disorder: Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease, behavioral disorder, dementia, hyperactivity and learning disorders, multiple sclerosis, stroke, schizophrenia, autism
  • Cardiovascular disorders: Congenital heart disease, angina, atherosclerosis, high blood pressure
  • Immune disorders: AIDS, allergies, immune deficiencies, systemic lupus erythematosus, inflammatory condition, infection
  • Disorders in females: Breast cancer, breast cysts, endometriosis, menopause
  • Gastrointestinal disorders: Inflammatory bowel syndrome, malnutrition, diabetes, Crohn’s diseases
  • Skin disorders: Eczema, acne, psoriasis, dermatitis
  • Eye disorders: Vision acuity disorders, glaucoma, macular degeneration, retinitis pigmentosa
  • Cancers: Carcinoma and leukemia,
  • Other diseases: cystic fibrosis, arthritis, obesity, post-viral fatigue, Reye’s syndrome,renal disease

Guidelines for EPA and DHA grams/day
American Heart Association 0.5–1.0
British Nutrition Foundation Task Force 1.0–1.5
UK Department of Health 0.2
World Health Organization 0.7
Institutes of Medicine Dietary Reference Intakes0.11–0.16

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