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Obesity increases risk of psoriasis (Vitamin D is not mentioned) – Jan 2019

Evidence of a causal relationship between body mass index and psoriasis: A mendelian randomization study

PLOS x January 31, 2019 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1002739
Ashley Budu-Aggrey , Ben Brumpton , Jess Tyrrell , Sarah Watkins , Ellen H. Modalsli, Carlos Celis-Morales, Lyn D. Ferguson, Gunnhild Åberge Vie, Tom Palmer, Lars G. Fritsche, Mari Løset, Jonas Bille Nielsen, Wei Zhou, [ ... ], Lavinia Paternoster [ view all ]

VitaminDWiki

It is amazing that the word vitamin does not occur once in the study

Overview Obesity and Vitamin D contains the following summary

Image

  • Normal weight     Obese     (50 ng = 125 nanomole)

Diseases which are related due to vitamin D deficiency has the following

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Background
Psoriasis is a common inflammatory skin disease that has been reported to be associated with obesity. We aimed to investigate a possible causal relationship between body mass index (BMI) and psoriasis.

Methods and findings
Following a review of published epidemiological evidence of the association between obesity and psoriasis, mendelian randomization (MR) was used to test for a causal relationship with BMI. We used a genetic instrument comprising 97 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with BMI as a proxy for BMI (expected to be much less confounded than measured BMI). One-sample MR was conducted using individual-level data (396,495 individuals) from the UK Biobank and the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study (HUNT), Norway. Two-sample MR was performed with summary-level data (356,926 individuals) from published BMI and psoriasis genome-wide association studies (GWASs). The one-sample and two-sample MR estimates were meta-analysed using a fixed-effect model. To test for a potential reverse causal effect, MR analysis with genetic instruments comprising variants from recent genome-wide analyses for psoriasis were used to test whether genetic risk for this skin disease has a causal effect on BMI.

Published observational data showed an association of higher BMI with psoriasis. A mean difference in BMI of 1.26 kg/m2 (95% CI 1.02–1.51) between psoriasis cases and controls was observed in adults, while a 1.55 kg/m2 mean difference (95% CI 1.13–1.98) was observed in children. The observational association was confirmed in UK Biobank and HUNT data sets. Overall, a 1 kg/m2 increase in BMI was associated with 4% higher odds of psoriasis (meta-analysis odds ratio [OR] = 1.04; 95% CI 1.03–1.04; P = 1.73 × 10−60). MR analyses provided evidence that higher BMI causally increases the odds of psoriasis (by 9% per 1 unit increase in BMI; OR = 1.09 (1.06–1.12) per 1 kg/m2; P = 4.67 × 10−9). In contrast, MR estimates gave little support to a possible causal effect of psoriasis genetic risk on BMI (0.004 kg/m2 change in BMI per doubling odds of psoriasis (−0.003 to 0.011). Limitations of our study include possible misreporting of psoriasis by patients, as well as potential misdiagnosis by clinicians. In addition, there is also limited ethnic variation in the cohorts studied.

Conclusions
Our study, using genetic variants as instrumental variables for BMI, provides evidence that higher BMI leads to a higher risk of psoriasis. This supports the prioritization of therapies and lifestyle interventions aimed at controlling weight for the prevention or treatment of this common skin disease. Mechanistic studies are required to improve understanding of this relationship.

Created by admin. Last Modification: Thursday May 16, 2019 17:53:23 GMT-0000 by admin. (Version 2)

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ID Name Comment Uploaded Size Downloads
11966 Obesity Psorasis.pdf PDF 2019 admin 16 May, 2019 17:41 1.47 Mb 44
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