J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 2019 Oct 7. doi: 10.7547/18-087
- Foot and Ankle Surgeries should benefit from Vitamin D – Feb 2019
- Nonunion after elective foot or ankle reconstruction 8 times more likely if low vitamin D – May 2017
- Foot and Ankle Fracture Healing – vitamin D appears promising for everyone– review May 2015
- Ankle sprains evolving to OLT (Talus bone pain) are associated with low vitamin D – Jan 2018
- Diabetic Foot Ulcer patients had low vitamin D (half had less than 10 ng) – July 2018
Baggott PJ1, Malhotra K2, Livingstone J3.
1 Barnet & Chase Farm Hospitals. Royal Free London NHS Foundation Trust Foot & Ankle Unit.
2 Barnet & Chase Farm Hospitals, Royal Free London NHS Foundation Trust Foot & Ankle Unit.
3 Barnet Hospital, Royal Free London NHS Foundation Trust Foot and Ankle Unit.
This manuscript reviews the role of Vitamin D and its deficiency in pathology of the foot and ankle. Vitamin D is an essential vitamin which targets a number of tissues and organs, and plays an important role in calcium homeostasis. Vitamin D deficiency is common, particularly at higher latitudes where there is reduced exposure to ultraviolet B radiation. The effects of Vitamin D deficiency have been extensively studied but only a small portion of the literature has focused on the foot and ankle. Most of the evidence regarding the foot and ankle consists of retrospective studies which cannot determine whether Vitamin D deficiency is in fact the cause for the pathologies being investigated. The available evidence suggests that insufficient levels of Vitamin D may result in an increased incidence of foot and ankle fractures. The effects of Vitamin D deficiency on fracture healing, bone marrow edema syndrome, osteochondral lesions of the talus, strength around the foot and ankle, tendon disorders, elective foot and ankle surgery, and other foot and ankle conditions are less clear. Based on the available evidence, we are unable to recommend routine testing or supplementation of Vitamin D in patients presenting with foot and ankle pathology. However, Vitamin D supplementation is cheap, safe and may be of benefit in patients at high risk of deficiency. When it is supplemented the evidence suggests calcium should be co-supplemented. Further high-quality research is needed into the effect of Vitamin D in the foot and ankle. Cost-benefit analyses of routine testing and / or supplementation of Vitamin D for foot and ankle pathology are also required.
The musculoskeletal system
Diabetes and the diabetic foot
Fractures around the foot and ankle
Osteochondral lesions of the talus
Strength around the foot and ankle
Tendons and soft tissues around the foot and ankle
Outcome of foot and ankle surgery
Other foot and ankle pathology
Bone Marrow Edema Syndrome