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Magnesium etc. reduced in crops (must supplement) – 2009

Declining Fruit and Vegetable Nutrient Composition: What Is the Evidence?

HortScience Vol. 44(1) February 2009
Donald R. Davis1,2,3
Biochemical Institute, The University of Texas, Austin, TX 78712; and Bio-Communications
Research Institute, 3100 North Hillside Avenue, Wichita, KS 67219

Three kinds of evidence point toward declines of some nutrients in fruits and vegetables available in the United States and the United Kingdom:

  • 1) early studies of fertilization found inverse relationships between crop yield and mineral concentrations—the widely cited ‘‘dilution effect”;
  • 2) three recent studies of historical food composition data found apparent median declines of 5% to 40% or more in some minerals in groups of vegetables and perhaps fruits; one study also evaluated vitamins and protein with similar results; and
  • 3) recent side-by-side plantings of low- and high-yield cultivars of broccoli and grains found consistently negative correlations between yield and concentrations of minerals and protein, a newly recognized genetic dilution effect.

Studies of historical food composition data are inherently limited, but the other methods can focus on single crops of any kind, can include any nutrient of interest, and can be carefully controlled. They can also test proposed methods to minimize or overcome the diluting effects of yield whether by environmental means or by plant breeding.
 Download the PDF from VitaminDWiki

Declines in content of red rasberries when add phosphrous (0, 22, 44 ppm)


Declines in content of vegetables 1930's to 1980's


See also VitaminDWiki

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Attached files

ID Name Comment Uploaded Size Downloads
8238 Mg 1930s to 1980s.jpg admin 31 Jul, 2017 19.77 Kb 580
8237 Add Phosphrous.jpg admin 31 Jul, 2017 43.24 Kb 545
8236 Declining Fruit and Vegetable Nutrient.pdf admin 31 Jul, 2017 132.45 Kb 595