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Immune system is helped by vitamin D via dendritic cells – Sept 2015

Regulation of Dendritic Cell Function by Vitamin D

Nutrients 2015, 7(9), 8127-8151; doi:10.3390/nu7095383 (registering DOI)
Myriam Barragan 1,2,3,†, Misty Good 1,3,4,† and Jay K. Kolls 1,3,*
1 Richard King Mellon Foundation Institute for Pediatric Research, Children’s Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC, Pittsburgh, PA 15224, USA
2 Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Children’s Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC, Pittsburgh, PA 15224, USA
3 Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh Pittsburgh, PA 15224, USA
4 Division of Newborn Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15224, USA
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Immune Regulation by Vitamin D)

Studies over the last two decades have revealed profound immunomodulatory aspects of vitamin D on various aspects of the immune system. This review will provide an overview of Vitamin D metabolism, a description of dendritic cell subsets, and highlight recent advances on the effects of vitamin D on dendritic cell function, maturation, cytokine production and antigen presentation. The active form of vitamin D, 1,25(OH)2D3, has important immunoregulatory and anti-inflammatory effects. Specifically, the 1,25(OH)2D3-Vitamin D3 complex can affect the maturation and migration of many dendritic cell subsets, conferring a special immunoregulatory role as well as tolerogenic properties affecting cytokine and chemokine production. Furthermore, there have been many recent studies demonstrating the effects of Vitamin D on allergic disease and autoimmunity. A clear understanding of the effects of the various forms of Vitamin D will provide new opportunities to improve human health.

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  • Dendritic Cell Wikipedia Nov 2016
    "They act as messengers between the innate and the adaptive immune systems."

Attached files

ID Name Comment Uploaded Size Downloads
5949 Active D and inflammation.jpg admin 21 Sep, 2015 36.04 Kb 8149
5948 DC VDR.jpg admin 21 Sep, 2015 32.11 Kb 6050
5947 Dendritic Cell Function.pdf admin 21 Sep, 2015 941.70 Kb 1087