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Vitamin D levels dropped 42 percent immediately after pediatric cardiac surgery – Dec 2019

Serum vitamin D status following pediatric cardiac surgery and association with clinical outcome

European Journal of Pediatrics 2019 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00431-019-03538-x
Ahmed M Dohain, Joud Almogati, Osman O Al-Radi, Ahmed A Elassal, Zaher F Zaher, Tarah H Fatani, Ahmed Abdulgawad, Gaser Abdelmohsen


Trauma and surgery category starts with the following

Trauma and Surgery category has 327 articles

Large dose Vitamin D before surgery was found to help by 35 studies
Vitamin D is needed before most surgeries – many studies and RCTs
Sepsis is both prevented and treated by Vitamin D - many studies
Thyroidectomy and Vitamin D - many studies
Orthopaedic surgeries need Vitamin D – many studies
Cancer - After diagnosis   chemotherapy
TBI OR "Traumatic Brain Injury - 21 in title as of Sept 2022
Superbug (Clostridium difficile) Infections strongly associated with low vitamin D - many studies
Glutamine and Omega-3 have also been proven to help several traumas/surgeries
   Note: Vitamin D also prevents the need for various surgeries and Omega-3 prevents many concussions/TBI
Trauma and Surgery is associated with 22 other VitaminDWiki categories
  Such as loading dose 33, Mortality 23, Infant-Child 21 Intervention 19 Cardiovascular 13, Injection 13 in Sept 2022

Our aim is to determine the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in children with congenital heart disease (CHD). In addition, we demonstrated the effect of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) on vitamin D, parathyroid hormone (PTH), and calcium levels. The association between perioperative vitamin D levels and postoperative clinical outcomes has been explored. A prospective observational study was conducted from February 2018 to June 2019 on 69 children undergoing elective surgery for CHD under CPB.
Blood samples were collected preoperatively, immediate postoperatively, and 24 h postoperatively. Vitamin D deficiency was present in 34 (49.3%) patients preoperatively and 63 (91.3%) patients immediately postoperative. We identified 42.03% decline of 25(OH)D immediately postoperative. Changes in ionized calcium (iCa) concentrations were accompanied by reciprocal alterations in PTH concentrations. Lower postoperative 25(OH)D was associated with higher maximum vasoactive inotropic score (VIS) in the first 24 h postoperative (r = - 0.259, p = 0.03).

Conclusion: Vitamin D deficiency is common in children with CHD and the majority are vitamin D deficient following cardiac surgery with acute decline of serum 25(OH)D after CPB. Lower postoperative vitamin D levels in children undergoing cardiac surgery are associated with the need for increasing the inotropic support.

What is Known:• Vitamin D is a pleiotropic hormone, important for calcium homeostasis.• Vitamin D deficiency might affect the outcome in critically ill patients.

What is New:• Cardiopulmonary bypass causes acute decline of vitamin D in children.• Lower postoperative vitamin D is associated with higher inotropic support.

Created by admin. Last Modification: Tuesday December 7, 2021 15:12:32 GMT-0000 by admin. (Version 5)