Evidence of vitamin d deficiency and its relation with possible cardiovascular risk among postmenopausal women.
Healthline pISSN 2239-337X337X/eISSN 2320-1525 Volume 5 Issue 2 July December 2014
Ashish Bansal , Anurag Ambroz Singh , Shelesh Goel , Anil Kumar Goel , Abhishek Singh , Virender K Chhoker6, Shwetank Goel , Sulabha M. Naik 8
Assistant Professor, Department of Pathology, Major S D Singh Medical College and Hospital, Fathehgarh, U.P., 2Associate Professor, Department of General Medicine, Shaheed Hasan Khan
3 Mewati Govt. Medical College, Haryana., Professor and Head, Department of Community Medicine, GFIMS&R, Ballabhghar, Haryana, 4Associate Professor, Department of Paediatrics, Shaheed Hasan Khan Mewati Govt. Medical College, Haryana, 5 Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Shaheed Hasan Khan Mewati Govt. Medical College, Haryan, 6Professor and Head, Department of Forensic Medicine, Santosh Medical College, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, 7Assistant Professor, Department of Microbiology, Major S D Singh Medical College and Hospital, Fathehgarh, U.P., 8Professor and Head, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Shaheed Hasan Khan Mewati Govt. Medical College, Haryana Correspodance to Dr Abhishek Singh, email id: abhishekparleg at gmail.com
Background: Recent reports have shown that Vitamin D deficiency is rampant in tropical countries including India despite plenty of sunshine due to several factors. Ageing affects synthesis vitamin D. Post menopausal women are more vulnerable to vitamin D deficiency.
Aim: To determine the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency and to find out its relation with possible cardiovascular risk among postmenopausal women.
Methods: The present cross-sectional survey was conducted among 270 postmenopausal women between age group of 45 to 70 years attending Gynecology Out Patient Department of a tertiary care teaching hospital. Each study subject was interviewed and vitamin D adequacy was evaluated by measuring serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D.
Results: Vitamin D deficiency was prevalent among 70.7% of study subjects, whereas only 10.0% had optimum vitamin-D level. Participants having high cholesterol level had low vitamin D level. An inverse relationship was observed between BMI and vitamin D level among study subjects.
Conclusion: The findings of the study highlight that vitamin D deficiency is an alarming issue among postmenopausal women in India. Health promotional measures could help them in maintaining optimum BMI as well as achieving the optimum vitamin D levels.